In addition, a large body of literature in macroeconomics has underscored that productivity spillovers are important determinants of economic growth and that an increase in collective human capital will have an effect on collective productivity which is as a results of an increase in an individual’s education on productivity as a result of the investment in education. (Moretti, 2005). Robert (1991) developed a human capital model which shows that education and the creation of human capital is responsible for both the differences in labour productivity and the differences in overall levels of technology that we observe in the world today. This, according to him, explains the spectacular growth in East Asia that has given education and human capital their current popularity in the field of economic growth and development. Countries such as Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan have achieved unprecedented rates of economic growth while making large investments in education.
Conceptual Review Education is considered a vital aspect for the development and transformation of any society. It has been rightly considered as one of the main pillars of a society (Adams, 1998) with the hopes for social as well as economic transformation docketed to it. It is an established fact that only those countries with a sound and well developed education system have made progress and development (Ball, 1990). Unfortunately, many governments have underplayed the significance in investing in reforms for a sound and quality system of primary education which could provide a firm basis for the future edifice of education in the country, and have instead been engulfed by political uncertainty, nepotism, thirst of power and corruption (Ashraf, 2003). Educationists differ in their understanding of who an “effective head teacher” is because of the many roles headteachers play in providing holistic education to children (Goe, Bell & Little, 2004).
Males were disqualified to remove the perplexing influence of gender. Convenience sampling technique was used to collect data.182 female students served as the sample of this study, selected from public sector university in Balochistan, Pakistan. We included three control variables. The measure of age means the numbers of years passed from the date of birth to the day of the information collection. Parental education is additionally included as a control variable, considering parental level of instruction or help in study.
Although, significant growth has been achieved since the year 1960, Singapore 's economy was still far from being a success and it was still facing more economic problems throughout the upcoming years. In the upcoming years, Singapore faced problems such as the lack of capital, an abundance of low-skilled workers, and also the need of advanced technology. Therefore, a strategy that Singapore realized in the 1990s was that they needed to expand its economic activities in the region. Then, an economic cooperation among Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore was made and it was called The Singapore-Johor-Riau (SIJORI) growth triangle. SIJORI 's aim was to relocate Singapore 's investments in manufacturing to the nearby areas of Johor in Malaysia and the Bintan and Batam islands of the Riau Province in Indonesia.
The tangible structures built in economics, military and housing at the early stage of building a Singapore nation are significant to its survival. Fifty years has passed, these structures have achieved great success. Meanwhile, in my opinion, these structures are still significant and they will be beneficial to current nation building instead of hampering it. Tangible structures in nation building After a sudden separation in 1965, Singapore need to build up its own arm force, develop own economy and accommodate their people as fast as possible in order to maintain social stability. Without the stability, a nation can never survive especially for the country like Singapore who has a small territory and population, as well as the uncertain neighborhoods.
Problems & Complexities Problems The Singapore population problem in Singapore can be seen as a wicked problem. Wicked problems often has high behavioural complexities but often has low technical complexities. The population problem is very dynamic and rose because of many different reasons, most of which contributed by the behaviour of the very environment. A very defining characteristic of a wicked problem would be that wicked problems have no correct or wrong solution. The Singapore population problem has no correct or wrong solution, since the implementation of the 2 child policy in the 1960s to the white paper published in 2014 to increase the population to 6.9million, we are still unable to exactly pinpoint the correct number for Singapore’s population.
Nowadays, although Malaysia was believed to be one of the developing countries where it is moving towards improvement encompasses in many things, Malaysia still cannot run from the poverty problems. As a non-developed country yet, poverty was one of the main problems that hold us from competing with other developed countries. Poverty is defined when a person cannot fulfil his or her basic needs, such as clothes, shelter, foods, education as well as health. Poverty can give a big impact especially in the field of education. In this millennia era, people need to have money as to gain an education and proper knowledge.
Development is an integral part of our life. Progress of any country is depending on the development. It is affected by many factors-resources, capital, labor, technology etc. There is no any equality in the levels of development in the world. Some countries are rich in physical resources but poor in development because the lack of technology like-African countries, are called developing countries.
CHEN LI YING K1510479 COR 160 Essential Academic Writing Skills TMA01 Education, a common term used in the society today. It has also become a crucial part of our daily life. But is education a friend or a foe in the current living society? In Singapore, the education system has been revamped several times to cater to the pragmatic needs of the Singaporeans due to constant growth of the economy. Nevertheless, schooling will always be the predominant form of education.
It is agreed that a successful leader can accomplish his goals, but a great leader can make miracles happen. The founding of Singapore was a big miracle in modern history. In fact, Singapore was the land of swamps that was suffering from the scarcity of resources. Also, the people of Singapore did not have untied nationalism, language, and history. With overcoming all of the previous obstacles, Lee Kuan Yew was able to take Singaporean from the swamps to skyscrapers.