According to Negroponte, it is evident and also recommended the use of Information Technology in the education system, where it is rapidly increasing, whereas also examined the impacts of information technology on the future of human life and work force. Thus he mentioned that Information Technology provides an informative and detailed history about technology and predictions for future use. Therefore information technology will be more advanced to organizations where true and knowledgeable information are delivered. Moving on, Kiat relates the arguments on how the information technology in education system has a sudden increase. As for students information technology is self-centered due to the change in today’s system of working life .As in coming years students will differ using the software and equipment to their work force.
When data grows beyond the capacity of currently existing database tools, it begins to be referred as Big Data. Big Data posses a grand challenge for both data analytics and database. Big Data has found its applications in many fields and sectors like medical, retail, banking, defense, stock market, elections etc. In education, the sources of big data are data from digitized activities of students, staff and faculty etc. Information is extracted from this huge data so that it can aid in improving educational institutes outcomes.
Just as the Industrial Age brought massive societal change, the “Information Age” - the age of computers - does the same. From entertainment to education, technology permeates every aspect of life - but how should society use this powerful new tool? The world is already moving in the technological direction, but is society preparing future generations for this new age of information? Although some claim that it is primarily a distraction, technology should have more emphasis in education, because it is beneficial to learning, and will continue to be an important aspect of the future world. The first example of technology’s educational benefits is its’ positive impact on students’ creativity, cooperation, and motivation to learn.
There has been a major change in education brought by the technology and it has become a widespread phenomenon. The technology has included information and communication technology (ICT) in education system and has driven many lecturers of higher education institutions to integrate the activities of ICT in their teaching (Mohamed Amin Embi, 2011). As the ICT has shown a rapid development, the educational practice is continually changing to renewal. There’s have been a shift in our teaching and learning system from traditional to more advance which currently subjected to e-learning. Terms such as computer based education, computer based instruction, computer supported learning, distance education, ICT based learning, online learning and web based learning seem to be used interchangeably by different authors; all are claimed to describe e-Learning (McFarlane et al., 2003).
These reflective changes place increasing stress on the traditional models of language learning in a formal classroom setting. Nowadays, the importance of technology in the learning English in the classroom and e-learning as a platform for teaching it are souring up. The computer supports learning English. It can also be characterized by a clearretreat from lectures and practice type drills and instructions and a move towards more constructivist uses of the tool. Multimedia computers can afford an exactdepiction of the target language and provide learners with controlled self-learning and feedback.
On the other hand, the limitation of ICT use in education is related to student behaviour. Appropriate use of computer and the internet by students have significant positive effects on students’ attitude and their achievement. Unfortunately, it is very common nowadays to see that the students misuse the teachnology for leisure time activities and have less time to learn and study. Instead of using the computer provided for their studies and online tests, they get distracted to visit social networking sites like Facebook, Instagram, Youtube or Twitter. Yousef and Dahmani (2008) described online gaming, use of face book, chat rooms, and other communication channels as perceived drawbacks of ICT use in education, because, students easily switch to these sites at the expense of their study.
3.4 Barriers to teachers’ use computers There is no doubt that using ICT in ESL education facilitates students’ learning process and improves teachers teaching the process. A common fact which is analyzed in the articles is the challenges ESL teachers anticipate when integrating technology into their classrooms (Wathudura, 2017). Rabah (2015) identifies teachers’ perceptions of the challenges and benefits of ICT usage in English Quebec School Context. According to this study, the barriers that impaired the ICT use in English are: lack of infrastructures of technological sources that needed huge funds to support the availability of technical sources, insufficient support from the leaders in educational settings, and redesign old schools to accommodate
Many educators and learners have benefited from educational technology in many ways. Students in the 21st century need to prepare themselves with skills and competencies by selecting and processing meaningful and reliable information from different sources in the process of e-Learning, as well as collaborative learning with their peers to develop new knowledge or complete tasks (Rotherham & Willingham 2009; Hoffman, 2010; Saavedra & Darleen, 2012). In the past 10 years, several research findings in Asian countries have proven that ICT use in education could enhance students learning experience (Chen, 2008; Srisawasdi & Panjaburee, 2014; Ghavifekr & Rosdy, 2015, Taleb et al., 2015). Education technology has given limitless sources of knowledge for the younger generations through contacts with a broader community. According to Kong (2009) and Vanderlinde et al.
In the same vein, though experts wholly agree on the inherent potentials of ICT as a lever for change and an opportunity for increased quality education, and effectiveness, they emphasize that, not enough attention is being devoted to questions of how it systematically aid language learning. As teachers and practitioners, we consider that for effective ICT integration to occur, it is necessary to evaluate objectively our practices, and specify clear pedagogical objectives so as to design an adequate framework that assists educators to meet both their educational goals. To better meet the increasing communicative demands of the workplace, designing a practical framework for an ICT-ESP based course at EPSECG seems of paramount importance. For that a structural systematic research approach should be envisaged. To
(http://www.uq.edu.au/ICT/what-is-ICT 2012) ICTs means information and communication technologies and are defined, for the purposes of this introduction, as a “different set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, distribute, store, and manage information.” These technologies contain computers, the Internet, broadcasting technologies (radio and television), and telephony. https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/ICT_in_Education/Definition_of_Terms Why ICT in Teaching is important to young learners. It is obvious ICTin teaching is latest method of teaching.It is adopted to facilitate young to learners to be upgraded.Firstly it is a great foundation to grow due to advanced technology. It provides the young learners with the tools to comprehend the fast advancing technology,which is happening in the world.Secondly the learners will learn the skills