People tend to want to group themselves based on people that are of their same culture. Bias about another culture can cause people to not want to associate with particular races. In many school systems, cultural differences are not being represented in the curriculum which causes students to not understand the importance of understanding and respecting other cultures. Educators need to take the time to encourage unity between students of different races. Classroom activities should allow students to work together in diverse groups.
Here, people understand things through reflection and by analyzing changing social patterns, which in turn influences their view of the world. In this respect, Rigoni recommended that the curriculum should take this approach to enable educators to understand the struggles students experience while learning and develop mechanisms that will streamline the learning process. The approach makes it possible for teachers to identify essential content areas that would benefit students and include them in the curriculum. It also reinforces the concepts and skills of self-disclosure, professional use of self, critical self-reflection, and narrative inquiry that would enable educators to develop curriculums that would make the learning process easy for students and improve the quality of educational outcomes. Moreover, social learning promotes the development of wisdom and intuition in students, which is vital for their understanding of the world.
Social Reconstructionists, according to Schiro (2008) “assume that education, has the power to educate people, to analyze and understand social problems, envision a world in which those problems do not exist, and act so as to bring that vision into existence” (Schiro, 2008, pg 134). In other words, the aim of the Social Reconstruction Ideology is to have the Social Reconstructionist educator research real world issues, present them to the students, and have the students work together to create a solution to these problems. Besides the aim of Social Reconstruction, there are other elements of the ideology that requires further examination. While constructing curriculum, it is important to address the nature of knowledge, learning, teaching, the child, and
The author also claims that before trying to accomplish “self authorship”, a person must understand cognitive, intrapersonal, and interpersonal development (King & Baxter, 2005, p574). I find this model to be quite multidimensional as it encourages sensitivity to others, a sense of oneself that enables one to listen to and learn from others to exhibit empathy, and other key skills. It also promotes interpersonal skills, intercultural competence, empowerment, and growth by providing the necessary steps needed for helping a student to accomplish intercultural
A very similar finding was shared by Zhang (2010) stating that cooperative language learning provides students with the necessary academic and social skills. Participation is enhanced by cooperative learning techniques (Drakeford, 2012). However, the teaching process in CL showed there were several shortcomings and difficulties, such as the dependence of lower achievers on higher achievers (Abdulahi, Hashim, & Kawo, 2017), the unified course schedule, and the difficulties of designing meaningful activities, managing noisy and chaotic classroom, grouping the students, facing attendance rate or distracted students and evaluating a vast of students’ test grades (Wang,
Even though code-switching is encouraged, there needs to be an equilibrium and therefore a target language will ensure a balance between the intended language and the language which the students prefer to speak. Moreover, there are certain aspects of code-switching which may hinder the education of students and that may lead to negative consequences (Moodley, 2013:75). If a teacher is monolingual, they will not be able to code-switch in a multilingual classroom. Children will not be able to understand certain concepts that are unfamiliar to them. The teacher will struggle to have their class in active learning; students will not be actively engaging with their coursework that is provided.
34) stated “the constructive alignment based on constructivism in learning and alignment in teaching where aims, objectives and assessment and teaching and learning activities align constructively” (p. 34). The most essential thing is whatever evaluation assignment we utilize it ought to be obviously adjusted to the learning result and showing and learning exercises Assessing the learner’s performances is a crucial tool in the teaching and learning process and must reliable with the objectives and what is taught and learnt such as assessments tasks, learning objectives, and instructional strategies. This paper will be a discussion based on, what is the most appropriate methods of assessment should be use to measure and evaluate student learning? “The research on formative assessment and feedback is reinterpreted to show how these processes can help students take control of their own learning, i.e. become self-regulated learners.
The ZDP is the level at which learning takes place. It comprises cognitive structures that are still in the process of developing, but which can only develop under the assistance/guidance of or in collaboration with others For social constructivism, greater emphasis is placed on learning through social interaction and the value placed on cultural background. Vygotsky believes that language and culture strongly influence children’s cognitive development and that adults are children’s connection to language, history, social context and ICT, all of which are parts of culture. He also believes that our understanding and experiences of reality occur within this
The Language Culture and Society programme provides us with strong theoretical and interdisciplinary foundation for the study of a range of educational practices across the human lifespan and in a range of theoretical and methodological perspective is brought to bear on studies that explore the nature of literate practices, democracy and civic engagement and participation in social life. The programme focuses on relationships between education school and the dynamics and changing structures of language, culture, and society. It examines connection between broader, social, cultural, linguistic, historical, aesthetic and political factors in education and the local context in which these issues take place. It has long been recognized that language is an essential and important part of a given culture and that the impact of culture upon a given language is something intrinsic and indispensible. Language is a social phenomenon.
2.1 Portfolio Paulson (1991) considers portfolios as a powerful educational device that makes it possible for students to take responsibility for their learning. He believes that portfolios can supply the curriculum with instruction and authentic assessment. Accordingly, through the focus on individuals they can be reflection of the educational process. On the other hand, according to Weigle (2002) “portfolio assessment is seen by many as an alternative approach to writing assessment that can allow broader inferences about writing ability that are possible with single-shot approaches to evaluating writing, both in individual classroom and on a larger scale" (p.197). In addition, with portfolios students attempt to view themselves as