Credit enhancement is a process whereby basic collateral is used as a security to protect a potential risk and losses. Normally, credit enhancement is provided by external guarantors and the result of a security structure. External credit enhancement act as guaranty for all promised payments to the securities whereby it is also can be a third party of financial guaranty firm or be a corporate issuer of the security. While internal credit enhancement are created by subordinated on cash flow of the security or bonds to other senior obligations. To do it functions, subordinated has a difficult rules that need to describe the distribution cash flow.
What is corporate compliance? Compliance - The word compliance is defined as the act of adhering to or conforming to a law, rule, demand, or request. In a business environment, conforming to the laws, regulations, rules and policies is a very important part of business operations often referred to as "corporate compliance."
The King (III) 4. The purpose of an audit is to provide an objective examination of the financial statements, which increases the credibility and value of the financial statements produced by the company. It therefore increases user confidence of financial statement, reduce investor risk and consequently reduce the cost of capital of the preparer of the financial statements. The statements were audited by PwC. 5.
How do managerial accountants support strategic decisions? Management accounting is a profession that involves partnering in management decisions, arranging planning to performance management systems, and providing expertise in financial reporting and control to assist in the formulation and implementation of an organization's strategy. Managerial accountants look at a variety of events that happen in and around a business while considering the needs of the business. Once completed data and estimates surface, cost accounting brings the estimates and data into knowledge that will eventually be used to guide decision-making. In managerial accounting, managers use the collected information to get better informed before any decisions are made within their organizations.
Besides, it is a critical tactic in evaluating the company’s economic prospects and risks and also to protect investment considering the fact that its propels investors to craft and implement productive decisions and plans such as investing in equity or debt securities, extending credit through short or long term loans, valuing a business in an initial public offering (IPO), and evaluating restructurings including mergers, acquisitions, and divestitures, all drawn up with respect to the development and sustainability of the firm's operations towards hitting the market waves aimed at detailing colossal profits. Furthermore, Financial analysis determine the level of business operations, continuity or incoherence of the business; level of manufacturing product acquisition, extent of service expansion, purchase or rent/lease of production machinery and equipment, and the issuance of stocks, negotiation for bank loan and investment of capital; thus allowing the management to decide and implement alternatives to enhance business operations. Conclusively, the core rationale of financial statement analysis is
The professional judgement required is influenced by some professional traits such as the auditor’s experience and capability of the auditors training. In additional to the professional traits influencing the auditor’s judgement, the auditors is also influenced by behavioural and ethical traits. Auditors have a responsibly to ensure that ethical standards are upheld, ensuring the social exceptions of auditors
Ethics in Accounting Importance of The Accounting Profession Accounting is important in business so that management, creditors, investors, potential investors and other consumers of a company’s financial data can make informed decisions. Management of a company uses financial data to budget, analyze trends and plan future operations. Creditors,
1. Please describe the role of an investment advisor? What are the outcomes for a good advisor? In which case the client and the advisor will be in “win-win situation”? Investment advisors provide clients, which are the individual investors advice on financial matters including financial planning and selling securities and make recommendations on the on ways to best utilize their money.
It does not just describe the organization’s output or target customers; it captures the soul of the organization. A primary role of core purpose is to guide and inspire.” . This means that the need to have a clear Corporate purpose have an impact to both internal and external stakeholders. On the internal side, it provides direction, unifies employees and makes them to remain resolute and anchor them within company values when implementing a strategic vision both at tactical and operational levels.
• Accomplishment of funds Financial management involves the accomplishment of required fund to the business organization. Accomplishing needed funds play a major part of the financial management in an organization which involve possible source of finance at minimum cost. • Proper Use of Funds Financial management systems help to proper use and allocation of funds which leads to improve the operational activity of the business organization. If the funds use properly, so it helps to reduce the cost of capital and maximizing the value of the firm. • Financial
Introduction Financial statements are a formal record or report of how a company is progressing. The activities of a company can define how it will proceed in the present and the future and is critical for the leadership of the company to understand these reports. This report helps determines the ability of how a company can generate the cash that is needed to operate and function, while showing how a business can pay back its debt. Financial statements provide a way for a company to track the results and show any issues and they can put a focus and attention on business transactions. Pro forma statements are typically used to determine the issues that might happen.