Human rights - a universal moral law. They do not depend on individual circumstances and are inherent to any person in any situation as a necessary component of human dignity. These rights derive from human nature itself and therefore they are called natural rights. Man has a natural birthright, and no matter whether they are recognized by the state. The state cannot deprive a person of his rights.
Part two: Human Rights Human rights The office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights provides a concise, yet conclusive definition of what are human rights, as being: rights inherent to all human beings, whatever their nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other status. Everyone is equally entitled to their human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible. It then adds that Universal human rights are often expressed and guaranteed by law, in the forms of treaties, customary international law, general principles and other sources of international law. International human rights law lays down obligations of Governments to act
'The Universal Declaration of Human Rights ' is exactly what it says - Human Rights are universal and we are all entitled to these rights. Unfortunately, violations exist in every part of the world. Everyday people 's rights are abused by many countries in the world, some of these violations are extreme and result in the deaths of many innocent men, women and children. The real cost of human rights abuse is how it affects the citizens of countries that continue to ignore human rights. The ordinary people do not get the opportunity of an education, employment, health care, etc... which in turn affects the economics of that country, which is not working to its full capacity.
However, the law is the law, and when disobeyed whether unjust or just, consequences will be determined “by the code of the law”. However, human rights must be acknowledged when superiors make laws, and if they are not these laws must be revised, removed and/or
The approach states that a human right is not qualified by any legal instrument or any institution. The moral theories focus on the universality of human rights despite our various backgrounds such as race, culture, religion or geographical boundaries. They further elaborate that human beings owe each other respect that cannot only be defined by international human rights instruments but by the fact that one is human. Jerome Shestack; in his paper ‘Philosophical foundations of Human rights’, explain theology as a source of human rights. He said that Theology states that human rights stem from a higher law than the state, The Supreme being.
However, this theory will contradict its practice when we observe the actual international political scene. As Chris Brown argues, the constitutional elements like “basic rights, liberties, and opportunities” in the United Nations Human Rights Declaration, are considered to be upheld by a political agreement in the modern context. This is evident in the continuous use of incentives or sanctions by countries like United States to persuade all countries to sign the agreement. Whilst this is often refuted by the United Nations to be a method to encourage more countries to value and protect universal human rights, it subtly implies that individuals are only entitled these rights on the condition that their states choose to respect their
They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood “(UDHR). Surely everyone will follow these laws placed after World War II, Right? While there are laws in place to protect our basic human rights, some humans do not follow them. As previously mentioned, the Civil Rights movement or in current time the slaves and citizens in North Korea, both which happened after the laws were placed. Just because law is set in place doesn’t make people follow it.
The respect of human rights is a central feature of a constitutional democracy. Human rights protect people from the actions of those who exercise power over them and helps to create a world in which a person could reach his full potential as a human being. We are entitled to have our human rights protected and promoted simply because human beings deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. This means that human status whether its nationality place of residence, color, sex, Ethnic color, religion or any other status humans are all entitled to fundamental human rights. Democracy insures that no one is subjected to violating human dignity and rights.
This is because the principle emphasizes that it is the duty of any government to protect all fundamental freedoms and human rights irrespective of difference in their economic, political or cultural systems. Therefore, this universal declaration adds to the assertion stressing on establishment on which the foundation of the universalizability of human rights through enshrinement of human dignity is being used as a mediating characteristic (Hoover, 2013). This is essential due to the ambiguity in categorization of human rights as universal moral principles and legitimacy in political authorities. However, Teeple (2005) argues that the civilly instituted human rights are relatively uncommon because the key issues addressed focus on the conflict existing between human rights and capitalism instead of focusing on conflicts occurring between the human rights
Since 1945 and the Human Rights Declaration (Foot, 2005), human rights have been increasingly at the centre of the international stage. In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights stated what was considered as unalienable rights in one central document, voted by 48 countries. Governments that endorse the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are supposed to implement institutions to protect them. In the 1990s, the Asian state have acquired an increasing influence and provided an alternative model to the American one (Wade, 2000). This corresponded with the emergence of Asian values (Foot, 2005), introduced by Lee Kuan Yew and Mahathir Mohammad, respectively head of state in Singapore and Malaysia (Avonius and Kingsbury, 2008).