Importance Of Interviews In Qualitative Interview

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How to analyse interview data in a Qualitative study?

Interview involves questioning or discussing issues with people/participants. There are three main types of interviews which include structured interviews, semi-structured interviews, and unstructured interviews. In structured interviews, participants are asked a series of pre-established questions with little room for variation in response. Respondents are likely to receive same questions in the same order if the interview is standardised. In semi-structured interviews, it contained both pre-established questions and open-ended questions which enables variation in response. In unstructured interviews, it is generally non-standardised, open-ended, and in-depth interviews.
In terms of analysing qualitative interviews, it is necessary to follow several procedures which include data collecting, organising, coding, identifying, connecting and providing meaning. Miles and Huberman (1994) conducted the framework guidelines of thematic analysis. The primary objective of it is to ‘identify consistent relationships among social phenomena, based on the regularities and sequences that link them.’ There are three focal components to the analysis which include data reduction, data display, and drawing conclusions. More specifically, data reduction refers to coding and developing themes, it is necessary to reduce data mountain through the production of summaries, and coding. It refers to decisions about what to select and to
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