Matteo Gessa Biology, Chantelle 20/10/2016 Describe the roles and responsibilities of a SOCO SOCOs (scene of crime officer) have many roles and responsibilities, first of all when they arrive at the scene of the crime they have to deal with any possible injuries and check if the area is safe for them and for the witnesses. When entering the scene of the crime they have to make sure to be wearing appropriate clothing to prevent contaminations, they also have to protect and preserve the crime scene so that the evidence can be collected safely, they also have to decide what is evidence and what is not evidence, then when they decided what is evidence they have to collect them with the correct procedure and transport them to their laboratories
(Criminal Law 101) The gathering of evidence and finding the truth is the first step before and arrest can be made, without evidence of criminal activity there would be no one to pursue. During the investigation process, there are many crucial steps beginning from the preliminary investigation. A preliminary investigation is where an inquiry is made on an alleged crime, through this phase of the investigation law enforcement can determine if a crime has been committed and whether they should conduct a full
Create rough sketch of crime scene to identify all the possible locations where evidence can be find IV. Photographic and video recording planning 1.2 Documenting the scene and evidence The state of crime scene must be properly documented in order to record the conditions of crime scene and physical evidence. There are 4 major tasks in documenting crime scene which involve note taking, photography, sketching and videography. This documentation will help the analyst to understand how the evidence relates to overall scene and solve the mystery (Girard 2013). Note taking : Note taking is the core of the crime scene.
The first principle describes the basic mission to why police exist. The main reason we need police according the Peels first principle is to prevent crime and disorder. This is an important principle for all law enforcement. If the police did not prevent crime and disorder, then there would not be a reason for a police force at all. In todays modern
The judge and jury in a court case are suppose to take the information presented and use it to decide if the defendant is innocent or guilty. This decision relies on conducting a proper investigation. All the evidence should be presented and used correctly, even if it might not seem significant at the time. Also, the information provided should be as correct as possible with numerous amounts of detail. All suspects should be investigated at the same level of scrutiny as the others to ensure whether are truly innocent or guilty.
The perpetrator’s mens rea, or mental state at the time of the killing, is an essential factor in whether they will be declared guilty or innocent. In order to receive a conviction, the lawyer must prove that the accused party had some intention or willingness to end the life of another person. On the other hand, if evidence shows the death to be accidental and unavoidable,
After the committing of a crime the law starts to get involved. One way or another a case will eventually land in the hands of the police. Police then can decide to investigate, arrest, or dismiss a case. After the police determine their investigation path they then have to decide if the information they have gathered is going to lead to the arrest of the criminal. If an arrest is made more steps follow for the criminal and his or her case.
Arizona (1966) upheld Ernesto Miranda’s fifth amendment rights affording protection from self-incrimination and sixth amendment right to an attorney (Miranda v. Arizona, n.d.). The case of Miranda v. Arizona is critical to this discussion because defendants are not required to respond to the exhaustive, repeated, leading interrogations in which law enforcements officers are permitted and empowered to engage in trickery tactics to coerce a suspect to confess to a crime. As a result of the final Supreme Court ruling in this case, law enforcement officials are required to provide all suspects with the Miranda Warning by informing them of their constitutional rights to remain silent during interrogations, in addition to their right to an attorney. Given the tactics that are reportedly used during police interrogations, it is certainly prudent, in many cases, to invoke Miranda rights and avoid self-incrimination. This leads to an essential component of this topic.
The rules main goal is to prohibit evidence obtained in violation of a person's constitutional rights from being admissible in court (Siegel 2010). The exclusionary rule may prevent evidence seized in violation of a person's constitutional rights from being admitted into court, an officer who has violated someone's rights could also be sued along with their agency. According to Section 1983 of the U.S. Code an officer could be prosecuted criminally under some circumstances as well (Forsythe n.d.). The case United States v. Leon is notable because due to this case the good faith exception was added to the exclusionary rule. The exemption allows evidence collected in violation of privacy rights as interpreted from the Fourth Amendment to be admitted at trial if police officers acting in good faith relied upon a defective search warrant (Siegel 2010).
I feel for law enforcement they need a registry of everyone who offends in this manner but I feel the public deserves to know who the ones that are likely to re-offend are and exactly what their crime entailed not only a vague statute that could be any number of ways a crime was committed. In some states they make offenders wear GPS anklets and GPS on their vehicles. I feel that is a great option but it has its faults also. When it comes down to it, treatment is the utmost important, transparency and truth are also important. Psychologists need to get into the mind of each offender, their deviant thoughts, fantasies, and dreams including polygraphs to conclude that they are being truthful about what they are sharing.