2.1 Objectives of project The objective of this project is to develop a fertilizer tablet making machine that is capable of producing fertilizer tablet. The tablet of fertilizer, provide required quantity of fertilizer to single crop. Fertilizers tablets are made from fertilizer such as UREA and DAP .They are largely used for different crops. Fertilizer tablet contents depend on which fertilizer is used for making them. Fertilizer tablet is deep –placed at the base of crop, due to which nutrient is available throughout growth of crop.
Land suitability is assessed and classified with respect to specified kinds of use: This principle is the most essential one of suitability evaluation. It embodies recognition of the fact that each kind of land use has different requirements. As an example, an alluvial flood plain with impeded drainage might be highly suitable for cultivating rice plant but not suitable for various forms of agriculture or for forestry. The concept of land suitability is only meaningful in terms of specific kinds of land use, each with their own requirements, e.g. for soil moisture, rooting depth etc.
Irrigation: Irrigation is usually as manual or artificial application of water to soil for the aim of activity wetness essential for plant growth. Irrigation water will come back from close streams or beneath well water (groundwater) or storage ponds specifically designed to gather high river flows throughout winter. Pipes, channels and wells into the bottom enable water to be taken from its supply to the farms, vineyards and orchards wherever it 'll be used. These days a various vary of ever-evolving technologies exist to with efficiency apply irrigation water to crops. What quantity water is employed depends on the kind of crop, the soil during which the crop is being big and also the quantity of precipitation in this space.
Adjustments to the change will have to take place. For this there is a need for further research and observation of the changes. Climate change, increasing drought frequency and intensity, and high demand of water are increasing scarcity in certain countries. High agricultural consumption, increased salinity and underdeveloped conservation technologies compound the pressures on the nation’s water supply. Ultimately, climate change is likely to have a negative impact on countries and make them increasingly difficult to meet urban and agricultural water needs.
Knowledge of rainfall pattern and potential evapotranspiration (PET) is very useful to estimate the water deficit/ surplus,selection of water harvesting practices and assessing the drought proneness of the area. Expected rainfalls amount at various probability level for different time periods, monthly, weekly etc. play an important role in estimating the water deficit/surplus at different periods. The estimation of water requirements of crop is essential for crop planning on a farm and also it is the basis on which an irrigation project is designed. The increasing demand and scarcity of water makes it important to use the available water in the most economic way.
1). Erosion causes on-site loss of agricultural potential as well as an off-site effect of downstream movement of sediment, that can result in floods and silting of reservoirs (Directorate Communication, National Department of Agriculture 1). Eventually these problems contribute to the limited distribution of quality food to individuals caused by a great loss of potential agricultural land (What Is Soil Erosion? 1). Natural activities are one of the many causes of soil erosion and unfortunately there is no way of preventing erosion from these activities.
It includes the processes necessary for improving the quality and quantity of agricultural products. Agricultural science deals with transforming the primary products to finished, consumption-ready products. It also involves the prevention and correction of adverse factors hampering productivity. It has been referred to as a local science because of its strong relation to the local areas. It is often considered to be a science dealing with eco-regions as it depends largely on climate and properties of soil in a particular area.
Fertilizers have changed throughout history from the use of animal and human feces, to modern nitrogen based products.There are hundreds of varieties of fertilizers designed specifically for each type of crop grown. Fertilizers aren’t a steroid for plant growth but vitamins and nutrients the ground requires to grow a high quality, high yield crop. And if properly applied they are not harmful to the earth’s ecosystems, and are a benefit to the farmer, the land, and the world, for the crops it provides. Farming is mandatory for survival of all living things, and with the great demand, the limited farmable ground, and the small amount of farmers (compared to the amount of people each farmer is supporting) Fertilizers are neccesary to meet
DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF CONCEPTUAL AND MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR SOIL- WATER CONSERVATION IN AN EPHEMERAL STREAM INTRODUCTION Hydrological cycle touches every living organism’s in day today life but its survival to human exploitations have brought the cycle in endangered phenomena. The factors contribute in reduction of surface water availability, infiltration rates; Apart from this population growth, water marketing and agricultural growth also increased the water demand which in turn also increased the groundwater exploitation. Because of this, non-equilibrium of inflow and outflow components in water storage has brought water scarcity. Integrated water resources management (IWRM) is new approaches involves applying knowledge from various disciplines
Our water security is often achieved with little contemplation of environmental considerations and, even when these are accredited, the tussle between human and environmental water needs are increasing in frequency and amplitude. Thus comes the concept of environmental flows and it continues to evolve in response to these challenges. In order to understand the concept and importance of the Environmental flow, and its significance to our society, let us first have a look at some of the definitions of Environmental flow. As per IUCN definition, “an environmental flow is the water regime provided within a river, wetland or coastal zone to maintain ecosystems and their benefits where there are competing water uses and where flows are regulated”.