Importance Of Judiciary In Bhutan

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Institutional Analysis: The Judiciary System of Bhutan
The Royal Government of Bhutan composes of three major bodies; the Legislative, the Judiciary and the Executive. His Majesty the King is the head of the state. While the legislative power is executed by the Prime minister and the national assembly, the Chief Justice is the administrative head of the Judiciary. Its main function is to provide effective legal services and justice to the citizens of Bhutan as stipulated in Article 21 of Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan, that the Judiciary, “shall safeguard, uphold and administer justice with fairness, without fear, favor or undue delay according with the rule of law to inspire trust, gain confidence of the people and to enhance access to Justice” Royal Government of Bhutan. (2009).

The Judiciary System of Bhutan is a four-tier system with four levels; the Supreme Court, the High Court, the Dzongkhag [District] Court and Dungkhag [sub-district] court. The Supreme Court is the highest appellant court to entertain petitions against the verdicts, orders or judgments of cases that are sent from the High court. It has the power to review judgments and orders under the Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Beyond the Supreme Court’ any of the parties can appeal to His Majesty the King in case if any one of the two parties are dissatisfied with Supreme Court’s decision. The High Court on the other hand, is the court of appeals from the Dzongkhag (District courts) and other

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