Moreover, historical revisionism primarily uses the way of knowing of reason since reason is used to develop connections between old and new evidence and form an interpretation that makes the most logical sense. Constructive disagreement does not always result in the orthodox view of a historical event being abandoned, but it introduces new perspectives to the historical event, most notably revisionist and post-revisionist views that are typically acquired through extensive research and a concentrated effort to not simply disprove the
Another distinction which has had a strong impact on the study of culture is the understanding of culture as practice or culture as a system of symbols and meanings. As Hall stresses, culture is about meaning and as such “permeates all of society.” Representations, practices, values and identities have cultural meanings that are discursively constructed and tap into previous cultural discourses to be meaningful. Critical intercultural communication casts light on ways in which meanings echo cultural knowledge and are therefore difficult to identify and question – even for researchers themselves, hence a strong emphasis placed on reflexivity. The importance of “cultural resonance” has also been pointed out by scholars examining media
Another important aspect of these terms is that they enable a researcher to provide an intelligible critique of work done by other researchers and formulate an educated reply to any critique of his or her own work. Additionally, when critiquing another researcher’s work, the researcher is also able to make informed decisions about what elements of the work he or she can apply to his or her own research. In practice, it is the research question that drives the ontological, epistemological and methodological choices a researcher makes for his or her work. Ontology is a term that helps us, the researchers, to think about our beliefs about reality or the truth. What and how a researcher thinks about truth impacts every aspect of his research.
Introduction: This paper will be discussing, defining and analyzing how the social, political and economic environments can influence the way archaeologists interpret the past through the perspective of the present. Archaeology can be described as “Pleasant fairy tales of old grandmothers” (Plato), however, it serves an important role in understanding our past through the study of human history and prehistory by conducting the excavation of sites and the analysis of artefacts and other physical remains. Throughout history there have been many cases of how archaeology was not used purely for understanding our past, but instead used for ulterior motives. Social: Contemporary relevance of archaeology means understanding the roles that archaeology has in the present day and a sense of the contributions that it can make through those roles both now and in the future. “If you want to feed starving children in Bangladesh, you should go do that.” (Dave Conlin) This captures the social milieu in which modern archaeology operates.
Thereby the article leaves leeway for articles 8 (war crimes) and 28 (responsibility of commanders and other superiors) of the ICC Statute, although these are merely exceptions to the rule laid down in article 30 of the ICC Statute. This also means that there is a higher mental standard for prosecution before the ICC than there was before the ad hoc Tribunals. To conclude the ICC Statute lays intent (both general and specific), knowledge and dolus directus down in article 30 and dolus eventualis and advertent recklessness in the articles 8 and 28. The ad hoc Tribunals considered all the aforementioned in their case law, including negligence- a type
However, reason has held as one of the supreme ways of knowing as it is the way in which we can be associated with logic, rationality, comparison and judgement, which can also be linked together. As reason can help us obtain information, it has a variety of advantages, but it may not be as reliable as you think
This paragraph is created using the information provided by the article. The purpose of this paper was to figure out how to negotiate effectively in multicultural contexts. Which is not only a very important skill for all organizational elements but also crucial to inter-organizational relations. The point made in this study is that if conflict management is defined as a process that occurs when one party feels adversely affected by another, then conflict management styles can be analyzed as a function of personality variables. In this respect, cultural intelligence and self-monitoring appeared to be relevant variables, as they are characterized by the demonstration of flexibility and interest in elements that are present in conflict management styles.
This intelligence community perception and its characteristics is shared with modern states and capitalist institutions. Furthermore, the modern intelligence communities’ requirements, goals and interests were also defined in the cold war period. Rahtmell (2002) asserts that there were three core features of intelligence communities were essential. First one was the scale of the perceived threat, which is based on ideological struggle that is supported by nuclear threat of nuclear annihilation. Second one was based on the militarized nature of the targets which focus on the technical military, scientific and economic parameters.
Information is a data which are accurate, specific and organized for a purpose, presented within a context that give the meaning and relevance. It can lead to an increase in understanding and decrease in uncertainty. Information is also valuable because it can affects behaviour, decision, or outcome. Furthermore, information is a central concept in daily life because human rely on information in order to decision and sense of the world. Information is something which allows we to make accurate predictions better than chance.