English Language Skills

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The Systems and Language Skills of English

Learning a second or foreign language is impossible to master without knowing the systems and skills of the targeted language.

According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, the world population is exceeding 7.4 billion people in August,2016. China is the most populated country with 1.4 billion residents. (http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/) The Population of the countries where English is spoken as L1 (L1 is referring to the first language) is around 452 million according to the Website Nation Master. (http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/groups/English-speaking-countries)
Although, the population of the English speaking countries
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With the realization of the four important Systems:
1. Lexis or vocabulary
2. Grammar
3. Function
4. Phonology or pronunciation students will understand the significance of how words sound and interact with each other, how sentences are built and analyzed. Without the awareness of these Systems and Skills, it would be extremely difficult for learners to acquire a well-established and recognized level of English. (http://englishvietnam.com/fun/systems-language-skills-english/) The following examples will demonstrate the necessity of the four Systems.
I went to London; I´ve been to London.; Grammar related
Lend me $5. Could you possibly lend me $5?; Function related
Library; bookstore; Lexis or vocabulary related
Foot; foots are Lexis
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Some ESL/EFL institutes do have problems to integrate language Systems and Skills into their curriculum. Therefore, trainees are developing a strong foundation, but are not capable to evolve their gained knowledge further. Cultural influences have a huge impact on the development of an ESL/EFL student. In countries where teachers adopt a traditional way of educating and their priority is mainly focusing on the Explainer or Lecturer Role of the teacher and not on empowering students, will result in an unilateral language development.
This type of educational system is widespread throughout Asia. The teacher has a very authoritarian character and students are primarily following instructions. Quantity counts before quality, meaning only students with the best grades can have the opportunity for a higher education. In ESL/EFL classes memorizing grammar and vocabulary or targeting only reading and writing entitles the participants for excellent final grades, but unfortunately excludes them from communication and correct pronunciation or speaking and understanding which is inevitable in any English speaking field. Therefore, a person who has the basis of excellent Grammar and Lexis or Vocabulary systems, needs to concentrate

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