Those local languages are mostly used by people of various ethno-cultural groups in their daily life, apart from their lingua franca, ‘bahasa Indonesia’, which is used mostly for education, business and official purposes (Cf. Antara 2008, Bahasa Kita 2009). Figure 4.2 Systematic Representation of Human migration to Indonesia and other territories Source : https://www.aswangproject.com/understand-philippine-mythology-animism/ The numerous ethno-cultural groups could be explained from the historical view of ‘ancient’ Indonesia, which was evolved from the history of human migration. Although Indonesia has got its independence just about 72 years ago, however the history of the existence of the country has a very long story. About 100,000 years ago, human from Africa migrated into ‘ancient Indonesia’, which was known at that time as Sundaland.
Since there are many different languages that are used in one society, there comes an agreement to use a particular language as a common language to communicate in the society. In the Southeast Asia, there is the economic incorporation of the Southeast Asia countries and named it ‘ASEAN’ which are comprised of 11 countries to work together in order to mainly support the economy system and culture as
The diversity of the local culture in Indonesia is a priceless treasure. Several cultures in Indonesia are the basis for most existing behavior in Indonesian organization. The behavior of individuals, groups, and organizational always related and influenced by the local culture. According to these condition, a lot of theory and science especially in the organizational behavior issues resulted of a study overseas that adopt the values and culture from the each region. One of the many individual behaviors that attract most intention at this time is on the leadership theory.
DOSEN PEMBIMBING HERIDA PANJI KELOMPOK B.INGGRIS Tria Afriyani 150108035 Endang Sri indriyani 150208093 Arifudin 150308115 Afriansyah 150108053 Elinda Maydasari 150108064 Fitri nor fatikhmah 150108066 CULTURAL IN THE WORLD INDONESIA CULTURAL Indonesia is a country with abundant natural wealth , human population is high , and also has a diverse culture . The diversity of cultures in Indonesia can be seen from the number of tribe, race , and ethnicity . Those cultures have a fundamental difference that we can see in terms of their ordinances in doing something . In addition , one of the cultural diversity in Indonesia is a custom clothing , the clothing typical of that
The studies reveal that expectation of CSR are shaped by the local culture, which implies the corporations to pay attention upon the various stakeholders in a different way depending on the culture where the firm is operating. Hoftstede’s Cultural Dimension of Indonesia From “An Analysis Of National Culture And Leadership Practices In Indonesia,” by D. W. Irawanto, 2009, Journal of Diversity Management, p.43. As can be seen from the above table of Hofstede study and GLOBE Project research in 1991, the score of Indonesian’s cultural dimensions is generally below the average of other Asians nations, which is contradicting the perception of Asian people who are sharing the similar values. Scores level of Indonesia on Power Distance, Individualism, Masculinity and Uncertainty Avoidance are low compared to the Asian’s nation
Muhamad Amir Septian 2001578241 LD66 Introduction to Trade and Business Final Exam Essay Neoliberalism and Laborers in Indonesia Talking neoliberalism, the impact, advantages and weakness of neoliberalism are filled with pro and contra. Some people will support and some others will against it. Before we continue the discussion, author will describe the readers about the neoliberalism. According to David Harvey in his book, 'A Brief History of Neoliberalism' said that the neoliberalism is a thought that emphasizes guarantees to freedom and freedom of the individual through the free markets, free trade, and respect for private property ownership. It is a combination of liberalism, a thought that emphasizes freedom and individual freedom,
By implementing private placement, an Indonesian overseas worker must obtain written permission in SIPPTKI (practice license for Indonesian overseas workers ' placement) from the authorized Minister”. Regarding to their works, there is also a protection which is guaranteed by Indonesian government. It is stated in the law that “[T]he government is responsible to protect an Indonesian overseas worker. It means that the government must guarantee the security and certainty of legal protection for an Indonesian overseas worker located
However, in 9 August 1965 Singapura withdraw from Malaysia and formed their own nation. Malaysian foreign policy closely related with internal and external factors of politics, security and also the socio-economy. This foreign policy is continuity with the domestic policy in order to keep and maintain the security, harmonies, economic prosperity and other national interest. The formulation
These might bring different implications in countries such as China who believe that employees should practice consultation and some African countries who believe that rewards are only meant for managerial or senior level employees. 2.0 CULTURE The term culture is used to represent beliefs, values, norms and language practiced by different communities or certain people living in the same region. Culture is meant to represent how certain groups of people living together lead their life. Organisational culture refers to values, norms and beliefs practiced by people who are in the same work environment or people who belong to the same organisation. Organisational culture can also be referred to as corporate culture.
It is defined as set of norms, values and beliefs of a particular group of society and shared by their members. Culture has covers a wide field in one’s life. From religion to customs and rituals as well as the language they speak. As a multicultural country, Malaysia is a rich ground for us to study on culture. Malaysian culture shows that we are tended to focus on the ethnic values of the Malaysian.