Conditions are turning to be favorable and also the government is laying great emphasis on modernization, which covers libraries as well. Above all library professionals are getting motivated and showing keenness to get trained to take up computer based work. (Harinarayana, 1991). Library automation implies a high degree of mechanization of various routine and repetitive tasks to be performed by human beings. With the advent of automation, the human intervention is reduced to a great extent.
Information technology is the one of the vital forces of this age, which is play a major role in human activities. The rapid change in technology is made it difficult for libraries and library services. In 21st century library professionals role has changed due to technological changes in libraries. Presently among library professional, computer knowledge is must. Computer skills of library professionals can able to take more advantage of technology to improve the library culture.
At present the role and status of English is that it is the language of social context, political, socio cultural, business, education, industries, media, library, communication across borders, and key subject in curriculum and language of imparting education. The impact of technology on education has been tremendous recently and that is the reason distance education has soared. It is because of the technology that we are offering many online courses and degrees now. Online education has made it convenient to enrol in a course from anywhere. This allows enrolling and learning a less popular language that locally may not be available.
Impact to society is important to measure because libraries are a public service and CEPs often train librarians, and this should affect the public in some way. Watkins, et al., go on to explain that in the Kirkpatrick model, the questions for assessment are developed at the end of the Program, but in the Kirkpatrick plus model, the questions are developed prior to the program’s start or during the program (1998). It is easy to skew results if the questions that assess the value of a program are compiled after the program is complete. According to Watkins, et al., the Kirkpatrick model has resulted in adequate evaluation in the past, but the new, added societal value element will allow for the best evaluation of CEPs in the modern age (1998). Creating end goals that drive the assessment of CEPs will allow librarians to act in a manner that is proactive instead of
One of the most important contribution of information technology has created a digital library, which allows users to access digital information resources from anywhere in the world. Recent developments in information and communication technologies, including web, and research funding has led to the development of research projects on digital libraries, many of which have led to job libraries.A digital library is more than a pile of books. A library adds value to information resources by organizing them and making them available. In addition, the library serves a different set of community stakeholders frequently, casual, and potential users. Unlike a museum, it is a rare material in the library that attracts people but the ideas brought by materials, structural concepts that support
Library associations have played an important role in growth and development of the profession. Smith (2006) cited in Bhatti, Mahmood (2015) make researches if there is a role for professional associations in fostering research? In his research paper, he found out that throughout the world professional associations in librarianship put considerable emphasis on the professional development of their members through research. These information professionals are associtted with core skills traditionally which include information handling skills, training and facilitating skills, evaluation skills and concern for the customer are still relevant. All these skills will cover cataloguing, classification, indexing, enquiry work and user education, if being managed by librarians that will help to make the internet an easier place to navigate.
Part B 7. Issues and concerns in Teacher Education between developing and developed country. (Choose ant ONE (1) country from each category) Abstract Teacher education programs among countries are often examined and are analyzed for further enhancement of their effectiveness. In this 21st century, teachers are not only expected as imparters of knowledge, teachers are also to hold the responsibility of shaping a better citizenry. This paper aims to compare and contrast the teacher education in Singapore and Malaysia in order to trace the differences and similarities in the responses of these two developed and developing countries.
Another development that has accelerated the rate of transition in libraries from manual to machine based systems is that increasingly libraries are becoming part of larger library networks to facilitate information exchange and resource sharing and with the objective of enhancing the quality of library service. Mechanism of library housekeeping operations predominantly by computerization is known as Library Automation. The appearance of computer has greatly increased the activities of library automation. In addition to computers advancement, telecommunication and audio-visual technologies gave way to new possibilities in information handling. However the use of computers is limited to only some specialized libraries unlike the case of developed countries.
That is why most of the libraries perfect electronic resources to print collection for optimum use. The other reason is physical space, escalation in journals prices, digital literacy has forced the libraries to opt for electronic resources in order to meet information needs of the large community of users. Digital library can store a large volume of digital information in the archival form. A digital library may refer only to electronic resources or mean a combination of electronic resources, services that support using those resources or mean a combination of electronic resources, services that are provided via a network. It provides the users fast search tools, immediate access to the rapidly growing information in multimedia form quickly on the screen in an interactive
Everyday new technological advances affect the way information is handled in libraries and information centers. The impacts of new technologies are felt by libraries in every aspect. Computing technology, communication technology and mass storage technology are some of the areas of continuous development that reshape the way that libraries access, retrieve, store, manipulate and disseminate information to users. Public library users cut across a wide