So British pronunciation is the acceptable correct pronunciation in English Second Language. The overall aim of teaching English Second Language is to develop learners’ communicative skills for meaningful interaction in the multicultural society. Therefore, English need conscious attention specifically on pronunciation of words, not just a concern to English teachers but all subject teachers. Thus, responsibility is required to assist learners, so that they could be able to read words correctly or effectively in all subjects. During my SBS experience, the researcher observed learners reading words with wrong pronunciations or mispronouncing some words.
Not only by exposing them to the language they will speak, read and write the English language correctly, students must learn and understand the meaning of words. Vocabulary words help any English language learner communicate effectively with any other person. According to Wilkins (1972), “Vocabulary is central to English language teaching because, without sufficient vocabulary, students cannot understand others or express their own ideas.” On the other hand, many teachers recognize the importance of teaching vocabulary and they must emphasize it daily in their lessons. Among many skills, vocabulary in context is one of the most commonly used. To aid vocabulary in context, the use of a Card-file among other strategies may enrich the student’s experience and understanding of what they speak, read, and
For example, use a KWL chart before reading and ask students to write what they know about the topic in the first column and then what they want to learn. This strategy in an efficient way for teachers because it supports them find out what students know before reading (Fogarty, 2007). For activating schema also I suggest to ask students to write something quickly about the topic, to measure their background knowledge about the topic and try to support them make connections between their background knowledge and their personal experience and then they can share information with their colleagues and learn from each other, so students will have input to understand the text better (Tompkins, Literacy for the 21st century, 2006). As I said visuals are very important for visual learners to learn. Indeed, I suggest to use a short video that displays something relates to the topic because students will enjoy watching it and at the same time, they will obtain some input that can scaffold them during while reading stage, according to Wright “Many media and many styles of visual presentation are useful to the language learner.
Teaching assistant talks through the process step-by-step to show the children how things are done, for example, how to make, confirm or change predictions. Teaching assistant can model re-reading of the text if the meaning is unclear and can model working out a difficult word. Writing can be modelled by using the whiteboard. Teaching assistant can model how to use strategies to help reading and writing. Through the modelling process the children should get confident enough to talk, think, share and reflect; they should want to be let free to do their
These kind of shows offer English teachers authentic materials to bring their learners into contact with language in context which can help them to identify various functions of a single utterance. This paper will analyse the discourse and social interaction of a short dialogue in the series Friends (Appendix 1). In order to conduct this analysis, I will follow Halliday and Hasan's discourse analysis model viewed in terms of the parameters of field, tenor, and textuality to discuss the language system, context of situation and culture involved during the interaction of the participants. In addition, I will follow Hymes speaking model to identify and point out components of linguistic interaction to explain the importance of utterances in conveying meaning more than just elaborating isolated sentences.
Keeping in mind the end goal to enable learners to create certainty and confidence, cognitively teachers must examine the proposes of reading instruction and enable learners to create explanatory, procedural, and restrictive learning of these psychological methodologies, in this way assembling that would advance learners metacognitive control of particular learning strategies. The Linguistic foundations of reading and writing development is based on the viewpoint that the writer or reader uses their knowledge of the things around them and the structure of language to make connections of reading or writing content. According to research linguists, all cultures try to represent key aspects of their verbal language into their written languages. Based on major developments and contributions, " Letters and letter units correspond to particular sounds (phonemes); spaces in between words represent junctures in spoken language; and typographical RUNNING HEAD: Benchmark Reading Instruction features represent other linguistic properties (emphasis, the end of the sentence, etc.)"
Reading aloud motivates students to read and provides many benefits in building vocabulary, learning the reading process in a meaningful context, modeling fluency, and simply practice how to think-aloud. In my preparation for read aloud lesson I first relied on the amount of the text and vocabulary that could possibly be accommodated for the first or second grade. I tried to choose the book that would be interesting and students of that age are able to understand it. The goal of my reading aloud class is to replenish students’ vocabulary and teach them to analyze the text. One of the requirement for read aloud text was the amount of reading.
Reading about CLT made me conscious of its potential for addressing the difficulty in communication that my students had and this is what led me to search about the principles that I've chosen. I will give my own perspective on the use of authentic language, use of games and expressing thoughts and ideas in EFL classrooms. Additionally, I will offer evidence to support my position from literature. My choice of principles is showed in appendix 1. I believe that understanding these principles would allow me to support my learners effectively in their attempts to speak English.
The four language skills are then further classified into two more classifications: receptive skills (listening and reading) and productive skills (speaking and writing). The productive skills are skills in which a means of communication is produced by the student. The productive skills are writing and speaking. According to the communicative approach, the ultimate goal of language learning is language production; as such, students can be prepared for the last activity of speaking by building good foundations in the other
It gives strategies such as reader-generated questions. Asking learners to read a text, teachers must identify information that is necessary for understanding the text, evaluate learners' prior knowledge of these necessities, and fill any gaps that are found. It will help me to plan responsive activities around reading and interpreting texts. Sharing ideas, comparing perspectives, and coming to the agreement are all ways that learners use the language of the text in meaningful ways, and therefore progress to higher levels of language proficiency and reading