Teaching English Language Acquisition Essay

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ABSTRACT With the increasing significance and the global requirement of English language, attempts are being made to elevate the quality of teaching English with the postulate that teaching English aids the acquirement of English language. The purpose of this article is to understand the English teaching approach adopted by Pakistani teachers at secondary level, and to discover whether their teaching methods facilitate in language acquisition. In order to find out, a remote district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province Pakistan, Chitral was selected. Randomly selected secondary schools were visited by the researcher and English teachers were consulted and interviewed in order to note the teaching and the learning processes. It was discovered that…show more content…
As English is presumed as a critical tool to survive in the global economy, the requirement for English language has grown (Paik, 2008). In the context of Pakistan, it has been observed that students with strong language skills easily get admission into higher institutions while those with a poor background in English language are left behind. The importance of English language is even more amplified at secondary level as this stage train learner either to be an earning member for the family or enroll in higher institutions with sound…show more content…
Listening is a very basic skill and acts as a foundation for other language skills. Listening exercises must be carefully constructed and a step by step procedure should be adopted (Brown and Yule, 1999). After listening, speaking is the next skill for language acquisition. The main purpose of learning speaking is to communicate and establish social relationships. Students should be encouraged to speak in English regardless of the mistakes they make as Baker and Westrup (2000) opine that students learn when they make mistakes and correct each other’s mistakes (pg. 80). The next skill is reading. Its aim is to understand and absorb the writer’s purpose. Meaningful tasks should be set in order to give the students a need to read (Watkins, 2007). Then there is writing skill which means expressing thoughts in language. It is essential for a teacher to understand the different stages that a student passes through in their writing (Wyse & Jones, 2001). Therefore, language is an active acquisition of communicative competencies. In order to overcome the learner’s shyness, activities such as games, role plays and brainstorming exercises should be used. However, lack of trained teachers is a big challenge in Pakistan. Specifically, in the context of Chitral, English teachers rarely utilize any in-service professional development opportunities. Since different
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