The unification of Italy was no easy feat: there were three main obstacles that kept it from being united. The first was the Austrian occupation of Lombardy and Venice in the north and northeast of the Italian peninsula, the second was the Papal States, which cut the north off from the south, and the third was the existence of several independent states. Many figures emerged during this time such as Mazzini, Cavour, Garibaldi, and Victor Emmanuel II. They all contributed to Italian unification in some form, however Mazzini and Cavour played the biggest roles and had the largest impact. Cavour was the son of a noble Family and his political views were greatly influenced by the July revolution of 1830 in France, which seemed to him to prove that
The Second World War had weakened the power of Mussolini and at the same time, Hitler’s dictatorship was widespread. During World War II, Hitler and Mussolini were not equal partners. In 1942, Italy had lost all of the wars that it took part in. 6 months after the war, Mussolini’s government collapsed forcing Italy to pay many war debts. According to Smith (2011), the corpse of Mussolini, his mistress Clara Pettacci and other members of their party were driven back by truck to the Piazza Loreto.In April 1945 Mussolini and Pattacci were taken prisoner by the partisans.
Spanish economy was in decline as its dependence on agriculture aggravated the effects of the Great depression on its production. Steel and iron production was hit hard as unemployment rose and wages were cut. Usually causes of civil wars can be sorted into three main streams, political, economic and social causes. However applying this in the Spanish civil war would be erroneous as the causes are scattered through time and many of them appeared as consequence of others. Therefore this essay centralizes on 6 main causes of the war which developed into other causes as political tension was building up.
France was overridden with problems in it’s economy, political standpoints, and social classes that fueled the push towards a revolution. The French monarchy was “burdened with massive debts accumulated through military expenditure in the Seven Years’ War and the War of American Independence, unable to raise enough in taxation to pay down the debts, coming dangerously close to borrowing more simply to keep the government’s candles lit, Louis XVI’s ministers were, by the mid-1780s, in dire straits” (Andress). Peasants had to bear the heaviest taxes, despite having the least to spare,while bad harvest led to the threat of starvation for peasants as bread prices dramatically went up (Kagan). The government was scrambling to fix its financial issues, all while angering the middle and lower
Young workers had dangerous jobs like working in the coal mines. Kids during the 1820’s through 1920’s went on strike because working conditions were unhealthy, unfair and unsafe. Conditions in the spinning-room textile mills in Lowell, Massachusetts were extremely unhealthy. Workers often suffered hearing loss or other diseases primarily of the lungs due to the loud noise the many looms made and the cotton fiber they were breathing in. The text states “ “Tremendous noise caused hearing damage and cotton lint swirled in the air.”(page 28) One worker stated “ I breathed it down my nostrils.”(page 28 )This exemplifies health risks that the girls had to work under because owners were not concerned about their well being.
The fighting in Vienna was mainly between Austria and France. They were also helped from Charles Albert to try to unite Italy because Austria was the one getting in his way. He came to get rid of Austria to unite Italy and also to defend against the foreigners. Austrian troops were having trouble fighting all the battles happening in Austria and close to Austria because they were involved in so much. Eventually, all the riots were ended because Russian tsar Nicholas I sided and helped Austrias leaders.
If this situation wasn’t already terrible for Carthage, she also had to struggle to defend herself against neighbouring Numidia, which was an ally of Rome. Carthage went to war with Numidia, and in doing so, violated her peace treaty with Rome. Carthage was then ordered to pay a war debt to Numidia. This came right after Carthage had finally paid her debt to Rome, thus, this new debt was simply crippling (Mark,
They threatened world peace and became an important factor of the outbreak of the WW2. Fascism and Nazism have many things similar, however, there are also some considerable differences between them. Concerning the background, both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany rose because people were discontented with the weak democratic governments at that time and strongly felt the Paris Peace Settlement unfair. Italians were not satisfied with the limited reward granted to them after the WW1 compared to their huge contribution (i.e. the Italian government had made huge military expenditure and the total cost of the war is 148,000 million lire, twice more than the total sum expenditure of all Italian government for 1861 to 1913) (Lee, 2000).
The French and Indian War (Seven Years War), fought between the British and the French over the Ohio River Valley was a huge contributing factor to said debt. Although the British proved to be triumphant in the war, they lost a lot of money and a lot of soldiers. During the course of the years, Britain wanted economic relief and turned to the colonies. After the War, amplified British taxation on the colonies ruined the relationship that they had with the colonies. The British said the taxation
", so this is what I 'll be looking at in this essay. What were the main reasons (political,religious,military,economic, etc) why the western part of the Roman Empire collapsed and therefore what were the consequences of it. Rome was being attacked by many external forces, but it was also collapsing from the inside due to an internal economic crisis. This crisis led to the creation of oppressive taxes so the rich had to move to the countryside to avoid the taxman and they started to create new fiefdoms, in the other side the inflation was growing and the difference between the poor and the rich increased. On the other hand, Rome was going through a labor deficit.