Moral Autonomy is mainly based on the psychology of moral development. The first psychological theory was developed by Jean Piaget. On the basis of Piaget’s theory, Lawrence Kohlberg has also developed three main levels of moral development which is based on the types of logic and motivation adopted by individuals related to moral questions. 2.7.1 The Pre Conventional Level It is known as self-centered attitude. In this level, right conduct is very important for an individual which directly benefits himself.
Justice vs. mercy asks the question whether one should stick hard and fast with the rules or allow an exception and grant someone mercy. A list of the more applicable paradigms to the least is as follows: truth vs. loyalty, justice vs. mercy, short-term vs. long-term, individual vs. community. Truth vs. loyalty and justice vs. mercy fits this moral dilemma because you have to choose whether to tell the truth and report the knob or remain loyal to him and help him out. You choose whether to give justice to the situation and report him or give him mercy and help him. Short-term vs. long-term applies less so because the short-term effect is that he gets away with his behavior but in the long term it sets a precedence for him to continue this behavior.
Public officials and managers have therefore been considered accountable only to the extent, which they are legally required to answer for their actions. Furthermore, these authors then argue that this approach should be expanded to include issues like morality of administrative actions. An important guideline for moral behaviour in the public sector is the surveillance, which public officials have themselves as being trustees for the public good; an acceptance of this concept has the consequence that responsibility and accountability cannot be avoided (Craythorne 2003:260). This author further suggests (2003:261) that the challenge for local government is to create a new breed of practitioner, who will exhibit integrity of the highest degree and deal ruthlessly with any unethical conduct, breach of morality, and any waste of
Furthermore, Jack explains, “When one is placed in the position of guardian, one has to adopt very high moral tone on all subjects. It’s one’s duty to do so. And as a high moral tone can hardly be said to conduce very much to either one’s health or one’s happiness....” (Wilde, pg. 1703). Jack assumes the role as guardian and father figure to Cecily, a young woman.
How would you measure brand equity? “A brand is created by augmenting a core product with distinctive values that distinguish it from the competition” (Jobber, 2010). A combination of all or some of these 7 factors, Quality, Positioning, Repositioning, Long term perspective, Internal Market, Being first and well blended communications are important. Quality It is vital that the core product achieves the basic functional requirements and that quality is built into the core product. One of the main reasons for brand failure is its incapability of getting the basics right.
Taking the above mentioned application areas into consideration, it is clearly important that psychological assessment measures are a valuable tool which plays a vital role in enhancing and supporting the current and future organisation’s decision making instruments in terms of their human capital aspects. Foxcroft and Roodt (2009), states that these assessment measures extracts extremely personal and overly sensitive information regarding candidates which can cause irreparable damage and trauma if not professionally handled. Sometimes the information gathered can be misused causing sever adverse consequences for both the organization and especially the individuals that is being assessed. With regard to fairness and ethical practices, Foxcroft
Instead, he asks his three questions. This quote is important because David as the judge of Sharon's actions he has a choice he can act out on his anger or take a higher road. This is important because David has to judge Sharon's actions. David knows Sharon has committed an act that doesn't follow in marriage what is considered moral and she hurt the person she loves. David has to decide if Sharon's actions have on his judgement of what he sees as moral love.
It assesses the effect of training by looking intentionally for the very best that training is producing. When these instances are found, they are carefully and objectively analyzed, seeking hard and corroborated evidence to irrefutably document the application and result of the training. Further, there must be adequate evidence that it was the application of the training that led to a valued outcome. If this cannot be verified, it does not qualify as a success case (Brinkerhoff, 2005). The main disadvantage of SCM is that it needs some level of judgment with respect to what trainers identify as critical success factors on the job (Casey, 2006).
A leader need a high degree of emotional intelligence to regulate their emotions and motivate others. To be a successful leader, emotional intelligence become an important course of growth and development of leadership in terms of building blocks in establishing relationship and deepening relationship with subordinates. According to Goleman’s emotional intelligence model (2001), four component include self awareness, self management, social awareness and relationship management. I found out that Kathy Smith is lacking in the area of social
Each level is unique and significant; but, the final stage formal operational is the highest level of cognitive development an individual can attain. He believed that the moral development is a process which is based on cognitive development. Kohlberg (1958) theory was based on the previous theories, which underlines moral development through three levels: Pre-conventional level: behaviours are oriented by the obedience and punishment or based on self-interest., while persons follow the guided instructions and accomplish tasks due to the fear of punishment or on the bases of their own interest. Conventional level: behaviours are directed by society, human are required to obey rules set by society, the acts are done on the bases of social norms and law and order morality. Whereas, Post-Conventional level includes social contract and universal ethical principles.