The term discourse analysis is very ambiguous. It refers mainly to the linguistic analysis of naturally occurring connected speech or written discourse. Roughly speaking, it refers to attempts to study the organization of language above the sentence or above the clause, and therefore to study larger linguistic units, such as conversational exchanges or written texts. It follows that discourse analysis is also concerned with language use in social contexts, and in particular with interaction or dialogue between
Devanagari script is complex in several ways. This has two-dimensional compositions of symbols viz. core characters in the middle strip, optional modifiers above and/or below core characters. Most of the characters are formed by curves, holes, and strokes. Apart from 13 vowels and 36 consonants characters which are called basic characters, there are compound characters in Devanagari script, which are formed by combining two or more basic characters.
The result is that English spelling patterns vary considerably in the degree to which they follow rules. For example, the letters ee almost always represent /i□/but the sound can also be represented by the letters I and y. Similarly , the letter cluster ought represents /□,f / as in enough , / o□/ as in though , / u □ / as in through, □ f / as in cough , / a □ as in bough , /□□/ as in bought , and / □ p / as in hiccough , while in slough and ought , the pronunciation varies
Several scholars have attempted to define code-switching. Among them are Amuda (1989), Atoye (1994) and Belly (1976). For instance, Hymes (1974) defines only code-switching as “a common term for alternative use of two or more languages, varieties of a language or even speech styles” while Bokamba (1989) defines both concepts thus: Code-switching is the interference of words, phrases and sentences from two diverse grammatical (sub) systems across sentence boundaries within the same speech
Section 2 - Morphology and Syntax In this section of my Language Profile Project, I will be discussing two more branches of linguistics – Morphology and Syntax. Morphology is the branch of linguistics that deals with words, their internal structure, and how they are formed. Additionally, a morpheme is the smallest unit in a language that can carry meaning. There are numerous types of morphemes, which I will discuss in detail further on in this section of my project. While morphology is basically considered to be the structure of words, syntax can be referred to as the structure of sentences.
The important preprocessing steps in text mining are like tokenization, stop word removal and stemming. Tokenization Tokenization is the process of crumbling a stream of textual content in to words, phrases, symbols and some other consequential elements that are called tokens. The main objective of tokenization is the assessment of words in a sentence. Mostly, the process of tokenization happens at the word level. But, it is occasionally tough to describe what is meant by a "word".
In addition, they are very long as a result of both premodification and postmodification. Whereas in the spoken, they refer to concrete entities are realised by shorter noun phrases such as you, I, Maria, and Puerto Rico. In the first text, the majority of the processes are concerned with actions such as hit, recharge, and drive thus they are identified as material processes. With the second text, processes like have, had, was, and were focus on setting up relationships between things as a result they are classified as relational processes. In conclusion, it is possible to argue that spoken language is lexically simple but grammatically complex.
Saville-Troike, Muriel. Introducing Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2006. Pgs 32-33 There are several divisions of linguistics as it relates to the second language acquisition. Even though all of the elements of interest must interact, it is possible to differentiate individual elements that compose a meaningful language.
Time makes changes, everything would transform according to time, languages would not be the exception also. With the evolution of time, English has converted some of the natures to meet the generation, needs, daily usage and some more factors. In hence, English can be divided as “traditional grammar” and “contemporary grammar” nowadays. Evidently, there are some difference between traditional grammar and contemporary grammar, the primary one would be the syntax - word classes. According to the Oxford living dictionaries, “word classes” also known as parts of speech in traditional English, it is mainly used to show the role of words play in a sentence, in order to maintain the sentences with system and define a sentence whether grammatically correct or not.
However, when long-distance dependencies are added by way of center-embedding a relative clause into a sentence (e.g. interrupting the main clause and verb) the complexity level is increased to the extent of misconception or comprehension failure. Other fundamental characteristics defining