According to this school of thought, International Relations is an arena where different sovereign states acts as a rational unit and sets aside morals and values for their own political and economic advancement and the thought also mentioned that the only way of achieving international security is to balance the power among the powerful states within the arena, which results in states continuously enacting and creating International Laws and Policies to even the scales. The different needs and desires of man potentially brings out the rational capabilities of the state to think for itself and its own. As to my opinion on the matter I consider International Laws and Policies as a result of a cause and effect, it can be the cause as well as the effect per se. It is a cause in a sense that man continuously create and enact International Laws and Policies to succeed or improve the previous law, and an effect in a sense that it is the results of man’s desire to promote and advance his own welfare and property, Which ultimately leads to these kinds of laws and policies. The effect of international law is additive, not absolute.
CHAPTER ONE AN OVERVIEW OF THE INTERVENTIONIST APPROACH Introduction Interventionism can be defined as a strategic approach, activity which is undertaken by a mighty nation to influence or to manipulate another less powerful one. It is the concept of a government’s interfering in other country’s affairs, in order to help the latter to stabilize and to put out the crisis. Supposedly, an intervention is the democratization of the target countries. A government intervention, as a part of foreign policy, can be applied for various reasons; it can be for a political, economic, religious or humanitarian reason. Frequently, the interventionist leaders resort to such interventions because they believe that they are necessary to recover the violated
This is because upon closer examination it becomes clear that the concept of national interest is one that is highly complex and multi-faceted. The intention of national interest is to represent the interests of the whole state in an aesthetically consistent manner for easy comprehension by policy makers, other international actors and its citizens. Regrettably it is challenging to define the national interest of a state due to the fact that no state is ever homogenous, it is in fact multi-faceted in every aspect that one can think of and thus so does its interest. The plurality of a nation makes the concept of national interest a tricky concept. The first challenge is that it tends to imply that there is a unitary actor in the nation who is able to express coherently the interests of the whole state.
Oct. 2015. Lecture). State are sovereignty which are existences of an independent political community with a supermen authority over its territory. Therefore, fundamental focus of mercantilism is national security (high politics). Because mercantilism views that protecting states is a uniqueness contribution to states economy which benefit their nations consequently.
To what extent do states remain the most powerful actors in global politics! Discuss States is a powerful actor in global politics as it has a dominant position. A State is a political community as it has an independent organized government with a central authority. A state has recognized borders and have sovereignty and legitimacy. Sovereignty is the independence of a state as it can control over territory and it will also govern.
The anarchic context sets the elemental political conditions in which all meanings of international security have to be constructed. The structure of anarchy is highly durable, because their actions states take to preserve their independence and sovereignty automatically perpetuate and anarchic system. That structure generates system wide effects on relations among states. An anarchic structure imposes competitive, self-help conditions of existence on the states within the system. That international anarchy makes cooperation unlikely or impossible.
International institutions do more than just manage relations among pre-existing states with exogenously determined preferences; they help to define the identity of member states, thereby also helping to define their perceptions of self-interest (Porter and Webb, 2007). The OECD can be seen as an example of an identity-defining international organization. Its primary impact comes through efforts to develop and promote international norms for social and economic policy (Wolfe, 1993). It defines standards of appropriate behavior for states, which seek to identify themselves as modern, liberal, market-friendly, and efficient (March and Olsen, 1998: 961). This involves distinguishing member states from non-members, and defining the former as superior.
Transformational Change: Transformational change is the process whereby positive development results are achieved and sustained over time by institutionalizing policies, programmes and projects within national strategies. It should be noted that this embodies the concept of institutionally sustained results – consistency of achievement over time. This is in order to exclude short-term, transitory impact3. National actors are by far the most impor¬tant factors in effecting transformational change. Indeed, such transformational change can by definition only be achieved by national actors since it will most likely depend on the political will of governments – national, regional and local – which have the power to legislate, develop policies and programmes, and to allo¬cate resources – financial and human – to imple-ment them.
International relations is the study of the political and social interaction of state, non-state actors, and individuals. It is a universal descriptor used to emphasize a multifaceted and multidisciplinary subject area. There are contesting theories which seek to simplify and describe the contemporary world of international affairs. Realism is one of its theories, which characterizes the international political system as anarchic, comprised of states possessing military capabilities, and distinguished by inter-state power competition. Realism mentions about human behavior and the nature of the international system that practice ‘self-help’ to ensure the state’s ‘survival’ by means of power.
Therefore, national governments face a strong incentive to coordinate strategies and tactics. Coordination between national representatives during the negotiations is also necessary. Protection of the national interest with respect to issues is important for coordination. The EU is only one among many sources of coordination need confronted by national governments and it is certainly among the most demanding. National coordinators have complicated tasks as distinctive characteristics of the EU.