Empowerment Theory, It’s a process of increasing personal, interpersonal power so that children, young persons and families can take action to improve their wellbeing (Gutierrez 1999,p.229). Children and families cannot participate actively unless they are empowered. Empowerment emphasizes strength and capacities. Child perspective, this means a child friendly perspective that is informed by new approaches to the study and analysis of children and childhood (James and Prout 1990),( http://www.mdpi.com/2076-0760/3/4/893/pdf).Child must in all circumstances be seen as individuals with same rights and interests and should be given a open platform just as adults to express their views as stipulated in the convention the rights of the child
With this in mind, I hope that my teaching philosophy acts as a compass on my journey to becoming an effective early childhood educator. Every child is unique and therefore their needs would also be different from one another. As a teacher, it is important for me to distinguish the different learning styles, learning development and personalities of each child. Developing a curriculum around the interests of children will allow me to learn more about their emotional, social, physical and cognitive readiness. Learning seems to be an inherent quality of children and most early childhood intellectuals believe that the best way to help a child learn is by
All children have right to equality and to have equal opportunities to learn and develop. Children need to feel valued and to be protected from discrimination. I believe it is very important to raise awareness in children at a very early age and childcare providers have a huge role in forbidding discrimination in a setting in case it may occur as children as young as three may already have a bias and prejudgments. An ECCE educator can always act as a role model and has to always show anti-discriminatory behavior and can encourage her class to develop a positive attitude to the differences, such as gender, ethnicity1, culture, religion, language, sexual orientation, age, ability, disability and social circumstances. When a child care practitioner values anti-discriminatory practice, she also will support the children to achieve: -Better self-esteem -Better confidence to start something new, unknown -Affirming individual and group identities -Strengthens the child’s connection to his family and background -Cater for different traditions,
As an example: in teaching, we can change each student’s behavior and eventually eradicate discriminatory actions learned through their family and cultural environment. In today’s society, we are governed by schemes that try to represent perfect models of how we should look, act, and behave on a regular basis. We see this on television, newspapers, magazines, and around other forms of media. We try to imitate what is shown before our eyes; therefore, mentally envisioning the perfect person, the perfect religion, the perfect culture, or the perfect race. In other words, we create, in our mind, a detailed picture of perfection; this causes us to reject and question everything that is not in our memory, leading to acts such as discrimination.
This is where you need to be careful when communicating with cultural differences. It creates an impact on interpersonal communication because often some business deals between different cultures can effectively be lost. This is due to the company or person not spending the time to get to know the customers '
In today’s society, education is something that could definitely be improved for children. Teachers could improve the kind of guidance and structure that they provide for their children. Maria Montessori ,writer of Montessori’s Own Handbook, and Colin Powell , writer of Kids Need Structure, have devoted their lives trying to help reform education to be more beneficial for children. While Montessori and Powell both have an amazing passion for their purpose, they both have differing opinions of how this should happen. To begin, It is clear to readers that both Montessori and Powell have contradicting ideas about the role of the teacher in a child’s development.
Based on the work of the other theorist that she had studied Tina Bruce developed ten principles of early childhood education. Principle one The needs of children’s are different to the needs of the adult. Childhood is valuable and should be used to learn how to deal with emotional, physical and social need. Both children and adults learn from each other and they enrich other lives. Montessori believes that childhood is a state that needs to be protected and children should be allowed to develop a specially prepared environment .
Since cosmopolitanism reflects world citizenship for an individual and respect to local cultural diversity (Ibid), students need to become familiar with various elements that make this an enriching life such as exposure and reflection to various cultures via trips or activities (White, 2007). Wright and Lee (2014) concur, while adding that it should be a precondition for students to learn later how to interact with other students of different social groups as well. Therefore, an education leaning favorably to social reconstruction and child-centered could generate an outcome of developing community values and instilling rational criticism to social issues
International research evidence confirms the importance of addressing the issues of diversity and equality in ECCE (Woodhead & Brooker 2008; Mac Naughton 2003, cited in Mhic Mhatuna & Taylor 2012, p. 279). This assignment will critically compare and contrast the multicultural and anti-bias approaches, additionally, it will explore how research and children’s funds of knowledge influence how diversity is addressed in ECCE. The multicultural approach initiated in the 1960’s in the UK to support inclusion of new immigrant communities. This approach acknowledges the ne ed for recognition and celebration of different cultures, with a focus on ‘cultural diversity’, specifically the minority culture. Using a touristic approach, in which cultural aspects such as food, dress, language and festivals are, celebrated (Murray et al., 2010, p.44).
The government though that integrated education can improve overall educational effectiveness and cost effectiveness. It can address the diversity of society and the basic needs for general schools (Norwich, 1996). The objective is to develop the potentials of every student (Education Bureau, 2014). Different scholars support the scaffolding theory and the zone of proximal development that children's learning is like building structures. If students who need some special educational needs, it can provide sufficient support and helps so that it can stimulate a person's largest potential (Wood, Bruner & Ross, 1976).