Experts have revealed that 65% to 90% of the communication is non-verbal. To explore the importance of nonverbal communication in actual classroom setting and to investigate the effect of the skill on teaching-learning process. The study will promote awareness in both teachers and the taught about non-verbal communication. It would also pave the way for introducing new trends in the teaching learning process for promoting better learning of the English language students. The recommendations of the study will be useful for educators, English language teachers and curriculum
INTRODUCTION As social being, human need to interact each other. Language is the principal means of human being to communicate with each other. It is used to express our reaction to certain situations, and to reveal our thoughts, ideas, emotions and feelings. Language also plays important roles to the development of human and technological civilization. Lyons (1981:3) writes, “A language is a system of arbitrary vocal symbol by means of which social group cooperates”.
Due to the fact that the curriculum, instruction, assessment, school funding, and desegregation aren’t made for ALL students to succeed we as educators must use what we know about our students, education, and history to inform our teaching. It is important to use the experiences and culture of our students (getting to know them) to make our instruction more relatable. In classrooms students shouldn’t feel like their stories aren’t heard. Educators must construct a positive classroom environment so that students will feel comfortable being themselves and taking risks with their language (ELL) which includes ALL students not just one population. This might mean making changes or adding to the existing curriculum.
For example, for university study in one of the English speaking countries, the students should have a good command of language skills (reading, writing, listening, and speaking) in order to be able to understand the lectures in the classroom, take notes, attend classroom discussion, and read and comprehend the texts. But if the tests are in multiple-choice format, then the examinees' practice will focus on practicing multiple-choice items rather than skills which they need in that specific situation. Thus, tests effect is harmful on teaching. Davis (1968) believed "a good test is an obedient servant since it follows and apes the teaching" (p. 2). But Hughes (2002) criticized this view since they are occasions when teaching is poor or inappropriate and tests create a beneficial on teaching.
Some argue that this new technology promotes short attention spans and lack of appreciation for the historical arts (Source E). Without the correct guidance, this statement may hold true for some students, but if teachers recognize that technology, like anything else, must be monitored and used only in proper context, that danger disappears. Technology can even be blended with traditional learning in order to maximize efficiency. Students could be asked to read a work of classic literature such as Shakespeare and later be asked to post on an online discussion board about their interpretations and reading experiences. In the end, students will learn more through technology because it provides a setting in which they are able to understand and relate to the information.
Verbal, nonverbal, and written are all forms of communication. Demonstrative communication, which focuses more on nonverbal communication, plays an important role in how messages are perceived and understood. Body language, facial expressions, eye contact, and body positions are ways to communicate nonverbally. Senders and receivers can interpret and understand messages in greater detail when listening to demonstrative communication. Emotions, attitudes, and personalities can also be conveyed through communication by messages that aren’t even spoken verbally.
Not only by exposing them to the language they will speak, read and write the English language correctly, students must learn and understand the meaning of words. Vocabulary words help any English language learner communicate effectively with any other person. According to Wilkins (1972), “Vocabulary is central to English language teaching because, without sufficient vocabulary, students cannot understand others or express their own ideas.” On the other hand, many teachers recognize the importance of teaching vocabulary and they must emphasize it daily in their lessons. Among many skills, vocabulary in context is one of the most commonly used. To aid vocabulary in context, the use of a Card-file among other strategies may enrich the student’s experience and understanding of what they speak, read, and
co-founder of the Dyslexia Training Institute, claims: “It cannot be overstated that students with dyslexia are capable of learning to read and write when given the appropriate intervention. This intervention should be structured and multisensory. It should be an explicit instruction of the underlying structure of English, and it should be informed by linguistics. For many of these students, accommodations in the classroom can be the difference between academic success and academic failure and frustration”. According to the pioneer neuro- psychiatrist Samuel Orton, instruction should also be multisensory involving movement, listening, speaking, touching and so on, but taking into account how the learners respond according to their learning preferences.
The importance of critical thinking couldn’t be more highly prioritized in academia, even when its application faces much constraint in English language development. What could be so important about a non-linguistic skill in classrooms that are generally devoted to improving linguistic abilities? Critical thinking might play an extra-linguistic role in the context of English language learning, and writing could be one of several modalities used to realize this role in secondary classrooms. It is stated that in the 1970’s, many sociologists and cognitive scientists were interested in the acts of composing as a way to observe how students learn (Sokolik, 2003). Subsequent teaching developments in writing that emphasized problem solving build upon the foundation of these findings.
Through the readings done in class, there have been realizations about emergent bilingual students that have not only shocked me but have made me feel more prepared to properly educate these students. These realizations include the importance of understanding your students’ individual cultures rather than bunching all English Language Learners into the same category; as well as understanding that there are different levels of English Language Learners and creating individual guidance for those students. A third takeaway from the readings thus far involves the educational policies which schools mandate for their ELL’s. These are some ideas that would not have even crossed my mind without these readings, but it has now become clear how vital