Introduction: As humans we’d like to believe that we will be ready to act according to our values regardless of the situation in which/where we find ourselves in. When considering prosocial behavior, however, research suggests this not to be fully true. Since prosocial behavior is intended to benefit others without having set laws regulating it, it can be influenced by many situational and dispositional factors (Eisenberg, Fabes & Spinard, 2006; Paciello, Fida, Cerniglia, Tramontano & Cole 2013b; Boer & Fischer, 2013; Tyler, Orwin & Schurer, 1982; Pallida-Walker & Fraser, 2014; Simpson & Willer, 2008; Zanon, Novembre, Zagrando, Chittaro & Silani, 2014). Therefore, prosocial behavior is multifaceted and dynamic, as it comprises a multitude
However, regardless of one’s role in society, everyone is expected to give respect to others in the same way one would want to be respected. Everyone is worth of being respected but the amount of respect that one receives depend on many factors such as authority, achievements and importance. Furthermore, respect involves different dimensions like its various types, manners of showing it, factors that affect it, and its effects especially to the youths. Respect has different types depending on the relationship between two persons (the respecter and the respected), some characteristic, and the point of view from which respect is given. In an online article by Ater
Some example of norms includes Folkways, often referred to as "customs." They are standards of behavior that are socially approved but not morally significant. They are norms for everyday behavior that people follow for the sake of tradition or convenience. Breaking a folkway
We have been trained to be obedient to authority. This quality is deep-rooted in us all from the manner in which we were brought up. It is natural for people to obey orders from those whom they recognized as their authority. This is the natural response to legitimate authority and can be learnt in a variety of situations. In a summary written in the article “The Perils of Obedience” (Milgram 1974), states: “The legal aspects of obedience are of enormous import, but they say very little about how most people behave in concrete situations.” The experiment set up at Yale University was to measure how much pain an ordinary citizen would mete out onto another person just because an authoritative direction or instruction to do so was given.
Over a period of time, these norms have not only governed us, but have also worked towards discouraging conflicts among societies. These norms are supposed to be followed by everyone to remain a part of the society. These norms are the code of conduct, which are very important in maintaining stability and peace in a society. If these norms are not followed then there is a possibility of the decline of a society. There are many subsets of these social norms and some of the examples are caste, class and gender based norms.
According to Gillian Fournier, norms are socially formed rules on values, beliefs, attitudes, and actions (2010, n.p.). Norms predict the acceptable behavior in certain cultural or social group. Although these rules are not laws, members of a community may punish the one who violates these rules by shaming, ignoring or animadversion. This concept is widely applied to various psychological issues since people have always been interested in the relation between typical and unusual. Hence, this idea got a reflection in popular media.
The unwritten law is of great importance to our society as well. It is obvious that the majority of people take under consideration what the rest of the people are going to think if they do something not illegal but improper. In these occasions we can see how the fact that we are all members of groups can affect our choices and help us make the right
This focus on absolute gains is how neoliberalism explain the importance of international institutions, through which neoliberalism suggests states collectively work to solve common problems for the absolute benefit of all actors involved (Karns, p. 47-48). Because there is an assumed level of distrust between competing states,
Culture is a set of shared values that a group of people hold. Values can affect how you judge others, as well as how you think. Cultural meanings point out some behaviors as right or wrong, normal or strange. Every culture has a set of rules that their citizens follow. Most of us are aware of our own biases since we have inherit these since we were young.
In international relations, constructivism is regarded to be the starting point of the institutionalization of values that leads to the development of collaborative behaviors within the international society. Constructivism is a structural theory of the international system which is based on the following main principles: 1. States are considered the primary actors of study for international political theory; 2. The principal structures in the states system are intersubjective rather than material; 3. State identities and interests are a major part produced by these social structures, rather than generated exogenously to the system by human nature or national politics.