Importance Of Nursing Art And Science

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Introduction: The Art & Science of Nursing

Nursing is a great discipline and nurses have the honour and expertise in healing humans and bringing back them to normalcy (Reed P G, 2006).In discharging their duties effectively there is always a question that remains unresolved whether nursing should be approached as science or art or is it both? Academicians and practitioners stand on both sides and some tow along the middle path.

According to Pinnell& de Meneses (1986) nursing can be described from a scientific perspective as 'a systematic set of interrelated concepts, definitions,and deductions that describe, explain, or predictinterrelationships’. Many practitioners believe in technical rationality of nursing care and weigh much on the
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Congruence –will appreciate reflection as a mirror for caring.
Constructing Personal Knowing in practice – weaving personal knowing with scientific proven theory in constructing new insights.

Through reflective practice there can be tremendous improvement in the level of care that patients receive. It alsohas the potential todevelop health practitioners and improve the implementation of required standards and procedures in the treatment of patients. Reflective learning helps tomake sense of complicated and difficult situations as we have already discussed in this paper, it acts as a medium to learn from pastexperience, thereby improving the performance of the nurse and care for patient, helps identify educational needs and workload stressors, highlight barriers to professional development and ways of identifying improvements.Reflective practice will also help nurses to become increasingly motivated and empowered to take appropriate action at the appropriate time.It also helps nursing practitioners to become better critical thinkers and self-directed professionals. (Duffy A,
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Rather than considering the list of ALs as checklists they should consider it as a cognitive approach to the assessment and care of the patient, the objective being bringing him/her back to normalcy and make him/her independent to perform all the ALs by himself/herself. The use of reflective practice theory and the AL model in a real hospital context witnessed by the writer helped her to appreciate the significance of these theories in improving knowledge and patient care and also to reach the conclusion that nursing is both an art and a science, the right blend, ensuring effective and efficient nursing care.

References
Briggs Report. 1972
Coldby W H, 2006, Unplugged: Reclaiming Our Right to Die in America, AMACOM, New York
Duffy A, 2007, A concept analysis of reflective practice: determining its vaiue to nurses , British Journal of Nursing. 2 (M17.Vol 1 h. N o 22)
Jarvis, P. (1992) Reflective practice and nursing, in Nurse Education Today, Vol 12, No.3 pp 174 – 181
Johns, C. (2000b) Becoming a Reflective Practitioner: Oxford: Blackwell Science Ltd. Chapter 3 pg 36
Pinnell& de Meneses (1986) Department of Health and Social Security 1972 Report of the Committee on Nursing. London: HMSO
Rolfe G, 2002, Reflective practice: where now?, Elsevier Science Ltd.
Reed P G, 2006 Nursing Science Quarterly, Vol. 19 No. 1, January 2006, 1-3 DOI:
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