The principles of occupational hygiene practice are as below: 3.1. Anticipation Anticipation with prior knowledge of the hazards of machines, materials, and structures allows proper occupational health and environmental impact assessment. This is essential prior to design and erection of any new workplace including location, selection of least hazardous materials, and proper control technology. 3.2. Recognition This is the primary step.
For each worker, they can protect themselves by recognizing and preventing hazards in their workplace. According to the Health and Safety Authority (HSA), Hazards in health care and community care are assessed under classification of physical, biological, chemical, and human factor hazards. Hazard Management In our everyday life we come
Failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) has long been used as a planning tool during the development of processes, products, and services. In developing the FMEA, the team identifies failure modes and actions that can reduce or eliminate the potential failure from occurring. Input is solicited from a broad group of experts across design, test, quality, product line, marketing, manufacturing, and the customer to ensure that potential failure modes are identified. The FMEA is then used during deployment of the product or service for troubleshooting and corrective action. The standard FMEA process evaluates failure modes for occurrence, severity, and detection (Chrysler Corp., Ford Motor Co., and General Motors Corp., 1995).
The organization needs to ensure that the data provided is only being accessed by authorized personnel and not being shared with third parties. Moreover, some information that will invade the employees’ privacy such as the employee’s religious, belief and sex life should not be gathered. Since workplace monitoring is to enhance the job performance, the employer should not monitor the employees after work hour. For example, device to track the employee’s location should be shut down after the working hours. However, in most of the organization, it is hard to extinguish between working hour and non-working hour or so called work related and non-work related.
Worker training on job specific tasks, equipment and safe work procedures. Applying general safety principles such as legitimate work practices, equipment, and controls can help reduce workplace accidents involving the moving, handling, and storing of materials. Regardless of whether moving materials physically or mechanically, your employees should know and comprehend the potential hazards associated with the job that needs to be done and how to control their workplaces to minimize the danger. Since various injuries can result from improperly handling and storing materials, workers should also be aware of accidents that may result from the unsafe or improper handling of equipment as well as from improper work practices. Furthermore, workers should be able to recognize the methods for eliminating or at least minimizing the occurrence of such accidents.
Artto et al. (2005) have recognized project risk management as one of the most critical procedures in the field of project management. Bakker et al (2010) suggested that even moderate levels of project risk management suffice to reduce the negative effects of risk on project success. The close relationship between project risk management practices and a project’s success is broadly acknowledged (Teller, 2013). Didraga (2006) identified project risks as a leading problem in IT projects.
before you can use any of these you will need the proper training so you can use them safety and correctly. Safety in the workplace is very important to prevent accidents from happening to keep people safe at work and make the place a hazard free environment Outline the principles & procedures of good housekeeping in the workplace The principles
Effective production planning is the key to successful operations in a production system. The production planning hierarchy in manufacturing is as follows: 1. Long-Range Capacity Planning 2. Aggregate Planning 3. Master Production Scheduling 4.
Healthcare employee safety is very important and should be a high priority. In the healthcare setting the employees must pay attention to his or her surroundings. This essay will include several objectives such as injury prevention, emergency readiness, and training. Keeping the employees safe is not easy while working in the environment full of dangers. I will discuss the importance of employee training, personal safety, safety slogans, environmental safety and informational posters.
Hygiene factors are also called as dis-satisfiers or maintenance factors as they are required to avoid dissatisfaction. These factors describe the job environment / scenario. The hygiene factors symbolized the physiological needs which the individuals wanted and expected to be fulfilled. Hygiene factors include: • Pay- The pay or salary structure should be appropriate and reasonable. It must be equal and competitive to those in the same industry in the same domain.