Permissive parents exert little control over their children and the child has free rein over what they do and when they do it. Children have control over most of their own decisions, especially dealing with common things like bedtimes and activities (Stein and Breckenridge). Parents who exhibit permissive characteristics have low enforcement of rules and authority resulting in limited punishment if any. Parents are seen only as resources for a child if they are needed. A parent takes more of a role as a friend than an actual parent (Abdul and Kurukkan).
Children may not receive any nurturing or guidance and they lack the much need parental attention. When parents are uninvolved, children tend to lack self esteem and they perform poorly academically. They also exhibit frequent behaviour problems and rank low in happiness. Conclusion Among the bundles of research in good parenting, child teaching or any related research on effective parenting towards child learning. Only 1 out of the 4 types of parenting is known to be effective in giving good learning capacity to the child.
According to Qin, Chang, Han and Chee (2012), authoritarian parents frequently regret, compassionate of their children who are hard-working and stressful so that they attempt to decrease or eliminate the stress entirely (para. 4). Some students consider the pressure as their desired consideration from their parents. Additionally, it is significant while parents participating in the academia of children. Without the pressure from parent, the choosing in various selection is unsettling, as well as disorienting and grieving them.
Lastly, permissive parents are the complete opposite and take no responsibility when it comes to influencing and shaping their children’s behaviors. They are neglectful parents and often let their children do as they please. The study consisted of a questionnaire which random participants of age would fill out regarding different statements about their emotions and parenting styles. They would rate the questions with 1 (completely disagree) through 7 (completely agree). They found that parenting styles are in fact related to emotional intelligence and how they act.
Their children have less responsibility which makes them hard to handle in the future. While as authoritative parents expect their child to be on their best and most responsible behavior. They would often teach their children the consequences of good and bad behavior. Permissive parents do not reason out or try to manipulate their children much because they do not want to over extent their power. They fear as if they use to much power on their child, the child would end up hating them so they just do whatever the child want.
Trifan, T. A., Stattin, H., & Tilton-Weaver, L. (2014). Have authoritarian parenting practices and roles changed in the last 50 years? Authoritarian parenting in the last 50 years. Journal of Marriage and Family, 76(4), 744-761. doi:10.1111/jomf.12124 Uji, M., Sakamoto, A., Adachi, K., & Kitamura, T. (2014). The impact of authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive parenting styles on children's later mental health in japan: Focusing on parent and child gender.
They were unfriendly and lacked self-confidence, initiative, and leadership in their relations with peers (Hetherington et al. 2006). The authoritarian parent places huge emphasis on obedience. They strongly believe in sticking to the rules laid out. The authoritarian parent comes across as neither responsive to the child’s needs or shows any sense of warmth towards them.
For instance, during the stage of infancy, parents try to adjust to a new lifestyle in terms of adapting and bonding with their new infant or at the stage of adolescence, parents encounter new challenges, such as adolescents seeking and desiring freedom. The type of parenting style one uses has a major effect on one’s child development. An individual’s discipline strategies can have a big impact on the type of relationship one has with their child. The various approaches to discipline can even influence a child’s mood and temperament in adulthood. Researches have shown that different parenting styles have different impact on children.
Children of authoritarian parents tended to be moody and snappy, easily distressed, relatively unmotivated, and not very enjoyable to be around. Children of permissive parents were often impulsive and reckless, especially if they were boys. They tended to be bossy and selfish, rebellious, little to no self control, unmotivated and low in independence and drive for achievement. Quantitative research over time has indicated that the worst developmental outcomes were associated with uninvolved parenting. Children of
Lamborn et al (1996); Steinberg et al (2009) have performed some studies on children from lower socioeconomic groups and they have failed to show any difference in academic performances between authoritative and authoritarian families. Turkel and Tzer (2008) conducted a study on the students of Turkish high school, it was seen that children from authoritarian families were rated as less resourceful than children from authoritarian or permissive parents. Martinez and Garcia (2008) have conducted few studies on Spanish and Brazilian adolescents and have reported that adolescents from authoritarian homes had lower self-esteem than the teens from authoritative or permissive families. Schmittmann et al (2006); van Duijvenvoorde et al (2008), have performed few experiments that suggested that childre learn better from positive feedback than from negative feedback. Chang (2003); Wang et al (2006) have conducted researches in China that suggested that children with harsh parents have more trouble regulating their emotions