Disadvantages Of Peace Building

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Featherston is of the opinion that peace building as a term should be used to describe the operation that takes place after conflicts and concerns the reconstruction of one or all of a number of key infrastructures such as the economy, society or political functions. Peace building is planned and implemented with the aim of ensuring that conflict does not break out again. Unlike peacemaking, peace building is a mixture of military and civilian activity. A former Secretary –General of the UN, Boutros Boutros-Ghali defined peace building as “action to identify and support structures designed to strengthen and consolidate peace … often
[started] prior to the end of a conflict, to hasten the establishment of peace on firm foundations”.
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The aim of most peacekeeping missions is to reach an end point and withdraw.

2.1.8 PEACE SUPPORT OPERATIONS ‘Peace Support Operation’ describes the “ complex, multinational, military operation in support of diplomatic efforts to achieve the settlement of armed hostilities, including the use of force in restricted circumstances”.
The term ‘Peace Support Operations’ appeared in the early 1990s in response to the changes in the use and type of peacekeeping operation that occurred at the end of the Cold War. It was designed to cover the continuing part of peacekeeping as the term peacekeeping was no more appropriate as a result of activities in which forces were obliged to take part.
Wilkinson sees the term as linked with the several post Cold War complex emergencies.
Peacekeeping operations is not only about the provision of force but “a wide range of political, diplomatic, economic, humanitarian and other considerations…” Wilkinson further argues that peace support operations are based on three key principles: consent of the recipient State, impartiality and the use of minimum
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The principle of the peaceful settlement of disputes has been reaffirmed in a number of General Assembly resolutions, including resolutions 2627 (XXV) of 24 October 1970,2734 (XXV) of 16 December 1970 and 40/9 of 8 November 1985 . It is also dealt with comprehensively in the Declaration of Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation Among States in Accordance With the Charter of the United Nations (resolution 2625) where a whole section was titled "The principle that
States shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security and justice are not

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