Importance Of Peace Education

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CONTRIBUTIONS TO PEACE EDUCATION BY INDIAN AND WESTERN SCHOLARS There are numerous contributions to Peace Education by many eminent Indian and Western prominent Peace researchers and educators are being discussed here. Indian scholar’s contribution to Peace Education India has been home to Rishis and learned Scholars across ages. The subsequent periods have witnessed peace leaders like Kabir, Tulsi Das, Sri Ramakrishna Paramhans and Swami Vivekananda, Tagore, Sri Aurobindo, Jiddu Krishnamurthy, Mother Teresa, Mahatma Gandhi and several other leaders, reformers and educationists propounded their views and ideas on peace and its importance in the field of education from to time. They were pioneers of peace and constantly preached…show more content…
Elaborating on the form of peace education, Galtung insists on ruling out direct violence as well as structural violence, meaning any inherent violence that exists in the structure (of the society). The content of peace education, according to him, consists in (1) analysis (2) goal-formation (3) critique (4) proposal-making and (5) action (Empiricism). He said that peace education should not overshadow peace action. A much higher level of peace consciousness, he reiterated, would make up the world in which people are less easily manipulated and it is in pursuit of that kind of a world that peace education would be a contribution. (Galtung, Form and Content of Peace Education,…show more content…
John Dewey one of the leading philosophers and educational theorists made substantial contribution to peace education. He advocated the promotion of international understanding, in other words, ‘world patriotism’ as opposed to the traditional patriotic indoctrination as taught in different schools. The tragedies of wars made him examine thefutility of the same and called for building a nonviolent world, using geography and history for understanding other cultures, and incorporate the values of peace and global understanding. Freire’s philosophy methodically consisted of peace education pedagogy and practice. He concentrated on the concept of conscientization that provides the foundation of peace education and the hope for coordination between education and social transformation. His insistence on dialogue and his discussions of egalitarian teacher-student relations provide the basis for peace education pedagogy and continue to resound throughout the field Dr.Maria Montessori asserted that values like global citizenship, personal responsibility, and respect for diversity must be both an implicit and explicit part of every child and adult’s education. (Cheryl Duckworth, 2008). Montessori developed methods that insisted on self-discipline instead of imposing discipline from outside. She opined that students should be ‘involved in forming and enforcing the rules of their community; when the undesired behavior occurs, the manner in which it is handled must

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