Short Essay On Inclusive Education

1049 Words5 Pages
A discourse on the education as human rights gains international trends and aims to achieve universality of basic education. Promoting education as a means to achieve social justice, literacy and economic progress advances to a global call for policies and actions. This includes World Conference on Education for All (EFA) held in Jomtien, Thailand in 1990 which demands the need to address issues on exclusion of disadvantages and children with special needs to have an equal access to education system (UNESCO, 1990). Following the declaration of EFA, Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action clearly identifies Inclusive Education (IE) as a means of attaining EFA. UNESCO (1994) proclaimed that:
Regular schools with this inclusive orientation are the most effective means of combating discriminatory attitudes, creating welcoming communities, building an inclusive society and achieving education for all; moreover, they provide an effective education to the majority of children and improve the efficiency and ultimately the cost-effectiveness of the entire education system (p. ix, para. 2).
The document acknowledges the right of children with special educational needs to be
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A range of issues and challenges are evident for 13 developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region which hinges on the lack of qualified and trained teachers, poor teacher education, limited resources and insufficient policy and regulation on inclusive education (Sharma et. al, 2013). Similar issues were recorded in the study of developing countries on inclusive education (Forlin, 2013), which can be seen as barriers in the adoption of the inclusion philosophy. The inadequacy of teachers’ skills and knowledge are subjected into improvement through web-based research of teaching practices to keep abreast in educating learners in an inclusive classroom (Smith, & Tyler,
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