Importance Of Phonemic Awareness In Oral Language

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3.1. Strategy 1: Phonemic awareness Phonemic awareness: the term is defined by David. A Sousa as, the breaking of words into sounds. He further explains that adults need to be taught the 44 basic sounds (phonemes) in the English language and can manipulate these sounds successfully. This is one strategy of developing sensitivity into oral language, considering individual sounds and single words. Phonemic awareness is in a nutshell, the ability to notice, think about and work with individual sounds in a spoken word. (Fitzsimmons, 1998) Phonemic awareness is a process of assisting a learner to develop reading skills, being able to note words in a sentence. This strategy to learning develops over time and can be taught in different ways. This is also the ability to hear, identify and use individual sounds when speaking or writing. In order to understand this, one needs to take note that words are made up of speech sounds(Phonemes). This strategy is important in adult learning as it will assist with reading of words and understanding words individually, It also assists in learning how to spell. Phonemic awareness could be taught through the identification and categorization of sounds, as well as merging these words to form a particular sound. One can be able to add or change sounds to create new words, and lastly being able to substitute these sounds to make words. 3.2. Exploring Sounds To translate letters on to sounds, a beginning reader should “enter school” with a

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