Corporal punishment within public school systems continues to be a controversial issue, however, its use is one of the most effective means of discipline in public schools. “Corporal punishment is technically defined as the infliction of physical pain contingent upon the occurrence of a misbehavior (Vockell, 2010).” The use of corporal punishment has many advantages and supporters. The issue of corporal punishment has reached the United States Supreme Court. James Ingraham and Roosevelt Andrews suffered severe paddlings that left bruises and severe pain that required medical attention. The parents of these students filed a lawsuit claiming the paddlings were unconstitutional and violated their right of the Eighth Amendment- prohibition
The use of physical punishment to discipline children is a widely accepted practice in the United States. This longstanding tradition has become commonplace all across American households. There are many reasons why people justify the use of physical punishment. Some will argue that physical punishment had no effect on them when they experienced it, so they think that it is acceptable. Others may say that it is the quickest and most effective way to discipline children.
Background Information: i. People came to realize that physical punishment is a rough, atrocious, unacceptable mean of punishment that should be banned for its appalling, horrifying effects. ii. Facts about physical punishment (sources used) 1. Studies have shown that spanking increases aggression 2.
They often plead that corporal punishment can show dominance, correct behavior, and that all children are different. Corporal punishment does display an aggressive form of dominance: but on the other hand, a child may revert to bullying other children to display dominance and also have high aggression levels and low patience. Similarly, physical discipline has never been scientifically proven to correct bad behavior long-term. Corporal punishment may fix an issue short-term, but eventually the child will do it again and spanking or hitting them will not fix the issue, rather they must address the issue in a calm manner and discuss with a child why what they have done is wrong. Given, all children are unique and react differently to a variety of different forms of discipline: corporally punishing a child has never been useful and a multitude of tests have been done on different children.
As said by Lenta, corporal punishment does not provide an effective form of behavioral correction aside from gaining immediate compliance to command (2012). Some may say that there are children who only understands corporal punishment, but, Inasmuch as corporal punishment brings about some form of compliance, the hope of disciplining a child is to impart correct social values as well as ethics into the child not only within the time frame of the punishment being given, but even when one is not around to correct him or her. There are other forms of punishments that accomplishes this goal, Forness and Sinclair in their paper gives various alternatives that are more effective than corporal punishment bring about the same results (1984), for example the use of explanation and reasoning. When the consequences of an action are clearly explained to the child as well as given an alternate behavior that is acceptable, the child would understand the reason behind the punishment and would have available the correct way he or she is supposed to
Physically punishing children can affect the child in the long term rather than short term, which is why many parents that physically punish their kids do not think that it is unethical. The long term affects to the children’s mental health is alarming as Time magazine stated that “The risk of depression alone was 1.4 times greater, which was the same rate for anxiety” (Rochman, 2012) also some of the other mental illnesses that are correlated with the use of physical punishment are mood and anxiety disorders, substance/alcohol abuse which can all hinder the lives of children maturing. Corporal punishment also imbeds anger into the child making them exhibit aggressive behaviors towards others in the article the case against spanking “researchers interviewed parents and children age 3 to 7 from more than 100 families. Children who were physically punished were more likely to endorse hitting as a means of resolving their conflicts with peers and siblings” (Smith, 2012, Pg. 60) this only proves that children will inherit their parent’s aggressive attitudes.
The debate surrounding the ethical practice of corporal punishment is a long one. For years, parents, as well as teachers, have argued whether or not they should physically punish children. By definition, corporal punishment is “physical pain inflicted on the bodies of a child as a penalty for disapproved behavior” (Dupper & Montgomery Dingus, 2008). This includes the use of any intentional methods such as hitting, spanking, paddling, exercise drills, painful body postures, and even electric shock. These methods usually end in injuries such as welts, blood blisters, severe bruising, hematomas, and broken blood clots (Dupper et al, 2008).
It is argued that any physical discipline is child abuse. But it is also debatable that physical contact is needed in order to show authority. Corporal Punishment is Effective James Dobson, an award winning child welfare advocate, speaks for physical discipline of children. Corporal punishment is defined as any type of physical punishment, i.e. spanking, as a way to correct a child’s behavior.
The definition of corporal punishment is physically inflicting pain to a student on the school premise or at home. Corporal punishment is torture by physical means usually in the form of canning, thrashing, beating or whipping. Corporal punishment helps to control the school 's students by beating them if they do not comply with the school 's rules when they are on the campus. Corporal punishment has been used as the main way of punishing students even before the child go to school. Although some schools see corporal punishment as abuse, others use corporal punishment for students who unrepentantly do something wrong.
Introduction Corporal punishment is a controversial topic and has been the source of extensive legal debate on a global scale, with evidence being presented to support numerous countering views and opinions. Reasonable corporal punishment in the home is still protected by the law in South Africa, and many South Africans are in support of the continuation of its legality. Although some of the arguments raised are valid, the evidence conveying the harms inflicted on children by physical disciplinary methods supports the viewthat the defense of reasonable disciplinary chastisement in South Africa should be discontinued and corporal punishment should be illegalized in its entirety. The future of corporal punishment is questionable, and with more