Importance Of Positivism In Psychology

1419 Words6 Pages
This paper argues that Positivism is the most efficient social scientific paradigm for Psychology. In doing so, we will trace back the history and development of both Psychology and Positivism as a discipline and a philosophical theory, respectively. This is necessary in order to primarily, (1) see how Psychology grew to structurally adapt a positivistic nature of having descriptive, controlled, and experimental procedures. And (2) provide historical evidence of the implications and uses of positivism in the field of Psychology. Thus, making positivism the perfect fit out of all the other social scientific paradigms for the field of Psychology according to its history, structure, ontology, epistemology and methodology.
The Development of Psychology as a Discipline
The development of psychology as its own discipline clearly shows how it is tailored to fit into the major characteristics of a positivist leaning discipline: descriptive, controlled, and governed by universal and scientific laws with experimentation as its central research methodology (Breen, and Jones, 2008).
Modern Psychology came from its two parent disciplines, namely, Philosophy and Physiology. It is the inquiry of human nature combined with the use of the methods and knowledge of human sciences concerning the mind to explain one’s behavior. We can trace its philosophical roots way back to fifth century BC when thinkers like Plato, Aristotle and other philosophers raised questions regarding memory,
Open Document