Human poverty index It includes deprivation of a long healthy life, deprivation of knowledge, deprivation of decent living standards Uganda has made enormous progress in reducing poverty, slashing the countrywide incidence from 56 percent of the population in 1992 to 24.5 percent in 2009. The reduction of poverty in urban areas has been especially marked. Poverty in Uganda is an important issue as an appreciable number of people in Uganda; specifically, rural people are below the poverty line. About 60% of the Ugandan people are poor and 30% are very poor. CAUSES OF POVERTY Over population This is defined as the situation of having large numbers of people with too few resources and too little space.
Poor people are unknown of their lack of voice, power, and rights, which leads them to exploitation. A poor person being unable to take part in social and cultural norms leads to breakdown of social relation among the people. Poverty is mainly seen in developing and under developed nations like Nepal, Bangladesh etc. More than 25% of the population in Nepal still lives below the poverty line. All the poor countries are facing serious effects of poverty which need to be solved.
The agriculture sector in Ethiopia plays pivotal roles in economic growth, poverty alleviation, employment creation, foreign exchange earnings and food security. Despite the enormous contribution over the past years, its significance is limited because of various factors and hence it is becoming increasingly difficult to meet the food requirements of the growing population (Jon, 2007; Abera, 2011; UNDP, 2013). One of the significant contributors for its deprived performance is the low productivity of the sector in general and cereal production in particular over the past years (Alemayehu, 2009; Alemayehu et al. 2012). Such low productivity leads to increasing poverty and food insecurity of rural poor farm households in the country.
Sadly, only a certain minority manipulates this income, this lead to rural poverty. Rural poverty refers to poverty found in rural areas. The Rural Poverty Portal stated that two out of three parts or rural areas in Central America are poor, also, stated that half of its population is situated below the poverty line. Most of them cannot afford the basic needs to live. The country that is more affected with rural poverty is Honduras, with 75% of its population living in rural poverty.
Reducing the incidence of hunger is essential to increase agricultural productivity and achieve higher rate of economic growth. People suffering from hunger are marginalized within the economy, contributing little to output and still less to demand. Investing in reducing hunger is a moral and economic imperative. So the goal of reducing food insecurity and rising agricultural productivity are interrelated (FAO, 2006).
The lack of cheap and effective means of transportation is one of the problems faced by Indian agriculture. Even today, there are lakhs of villages do not have connections with main roads or with market centres. Agriculture is an important industry and thus it also requires high capital. The importance of capital input is becoming more important with the advancement in farm technology. Agrarian distress leads to farmer suicides.
This phenomena is having a negative effect in our society, and is responsible for many of the issues we are facing today such the increase in crime, poor health, unemployment, no access to education, leading to the disruption of peace among the population. If we are unable to meet our basic needs like food shelter security as outlined by Maslow’s hierarchy of needs it is impossible to be a productive member of society Poverty is the main factor responsible for poor health in society. In Belize poverty is the main contributor of mal-nutrition among our children with Toledo district having the highest rates followed by orange walk and Cayo. This
The study of chronic poverty in Indian context has attracted major attention in recent times. India is country housing major proportion of rural households, who are vulnerable and susceptible to poverty. There exists rich literature on the rural poverty and its causes within the Indian context. However, delving deeper in, chronic poverty and its relationship with migration has received much attention only in the recent times. Chronic Poverty is a state of extreme poverty which makes it impossible for people to escape, given their lack of resources and assets.
2. In developing countries, high rate of population, war and low selling price of raw material lead to poverty which ultimately leads to hunger as people can’t buy food items at high price. 3. Famine, droughts and floods are few causes of poverty. These causes destroy crops and fertility of soil.
Some people choose to be unemployed as it is against their religious while there ae other people who are highly willing to work but cannot find employment due to lack of jobs and relevant qualifications. Poverty occurs mostly in rural areas rather than in urban areas, In South Africa there were about 74% of poor people living in rural areas and Most of all rural areas people lack 16% living in urban areas (StatsSA, 1995).People from rural areas lack access to infrastructure such as health care, schools, houses and many other more. The development of infrastructure takes place more slowly in rural areas which often results in more poverty.