Many experts attributed the root cause of climate change to human activities that comes with the rapid growth of the global economy including human consumption of different sources of energy, rapid rate of deforestation and bush burning. The negative impacts of climate change on crop production, higher average world temperature, rising sea levels, reduced rainfall, amongst others are largely indisputable in the literature. A high taxes on carbon-intensive fuels like coal could reduce their consumption and hence carbon
As humans become more modernized, the amount of big industries will grow, thus emitting larger amounts these harmful toxins. Likewise, the burning of fossil fuels has become a part of our everyday lives because of our dependency on them to power several of our means of transportation and homes. These methods release large amounts of greenhouse gases, such as carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxide, which damage our ozone. Although many alternatives already exist, we still have yet to transition to these methods. Moreover, pollution of land is when a plot is no longer useful and can no longer be used constructively.
China and India for example, are one of the major users of coal. Natural gas may be cleaner compared to oil and coal, many developed countries have tried to replace oil and coal with natural gas. But like coal and oil, natural gas will eventually run out. Some scientist have predicted that by the end of the 21st century we would be out of natural gas. Natural gas consists of mainly methane, another contributor to the greenhouse effect.
This mixture can be deposited in a number of ways which includes rain, fog, mist, snow and even dust. Acid rain is not distributed evenly across the world because the industrial development of countries is not the same. Acid rain is formed mainly from burning fossil fuels by industries like coal-burning power stations and factories. These factories send tons of pollution into the air where acid rain is formed. Our first thought would be that countries that are heavily industrialized would suffer most from acid rain and that other less industrialized countries would have little to no acid rain, but that is not always the case.
Transportation, basically like human daily activities, correlate closely with several energy resources in order to perform good work. Clearly that transportation is a major user of energy, for instance petroleum and diesel. The more energy used in transportation, the more terrible the environmental pollution and vice versa (Jean- Paul Rodrigue, 2013). There are some environmental pollutions that caused by transportation such as air pollution, noise pollution, water pollution, climate change and others. First and foremost, the combustion of fossil fuel for transportation contributes to air pollution.
Several primary air pollutants are known as secondary air pollutants. There are many causes of air pollutions, and that’s why it one of the major human effects on the environment. This include: Fossil Fuels, Agricultural activities, waste from factories and industries, mining and indoor air pollution. Fossil fuels Fossil fuels are one of the major primary pollutants like petroleum, coal and other easy to burn chemicals that are used in factories are major causes of the air pollution. Pollution emitting from vehicles including cars, trucks, jeeps, airplanes and trains cause huge amount of pollution.
Furthermore, the world will adopted the conventional resources because of the rapid depletion of fossil fuel and it is also difficult to use these resources for production of electricity. While, the use of conventional resources has a positive effect on the environment and use this energy resources for production of electricity is a key source for future generation. 1.2 ENERGY CLASSIFICATION:- The energy can been classified into several types:- a) Primary and Secondary sources:- Primary energy resources are those energy resources which are used directly as appear in the environment like coal, oil, natural gas and wood etc. The other primary resources are nuclear fuels (uranium) in
According to Dechezleprêtre and Sato (2014), some financial experts believe that environmental law boosts business expenditure and reduces the company's goods production capability. Greenstone, List, and Syverson (2012) also found that environmental regulations impact businesses significantly, and reduce their output by 2.6%. Furthermore, environmental regulations cost the industry about $20.8 billion in 2010 dollars or 8.8% of average company profits between 1972 and 1993 (Greenstone, List, and Syverson 2012). Even though environmental policies may cost businesses and play a role in lowering a company’s income and production levels, these policies are able to provide a higher benefit to the public. In other words, environmental law's benefit overcomes the business cost enormously.
Environmental issues The economy of Turkey had high level of growth in the mid 1990s. The boom in industrial production caused high level of pollution and greater risk to environment of the country. Due to high rise in domestic energy consumption the country had to import more oil& gas as a result there was increase in the oil tanker traffic due to which there was environmental threats. Environmental threats caused both by the overuse of natural resource and by the disposal of waste. Because of unplanned urbanization and unregulated industrialization and there heavy use of chemical and pesticides in the agriculture sector had a very bad impact on the environment of the country.
The reason for the high pollution amounts is because most of these companies are using outdated machinery which emits high amounts of pollutants. Industrial processes that include the above mentioned emit particular matter, sulphur dioxide, and nitrogen oxide and other gases that harm the