1. PUBLIC HEALTH Public health: is referred to as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through joint efforts and informed choices of society, individuals, communities, public and private, and organizations. Its concerns is threats to health based on health analysis of the population. The population could be large involving several continent in a case of a pandemic, or it could be as small as a handful of people. Public health focuses on in intervention in the area of improving health and quality of life through prevention and treatment of disease and other physical or mental health conditions.
Before advancement in science and technology, the birth and death rates remained constant, this kept the size of the population stable. However, the advancement in the science and technology, have led to the drastic increase in the lifespan of human and people are living longer than they used to be in the past. In my opinion, there are both advantages and disadvantages of this advancement in medical field. Some people believe that increase in the life expectancy
Second, as I witnessed so much physical distress at a very early age, and later read about the health issues that arose in the aftermath of civil and military strife, I decided medical knowledge would be extremely important in addressing the needs of a globe very often torn by strife, which often results in epidemics, not to mention the casualties caused by weapons. My commitment to public health policy is based, thirdly, on both my personal experience of its lack, on my studies of the health of populations denied proper policies by their governments and non-governmental organizations, and on a deep belief that the third element that is needed for public health policy, particularly in health-related arenas, is ethics. D – Ethics as a guiding principle in the making of public health
But we also have to keep this kind of developing, due to our world need the developing. Exponential urban growth is having a profound effect on global health. The urbanization is like a kind of revolution; therefore the health problem is difficult to be solved. The best thing are keep this developing and also keep safety. In the course of the development of modern civilization, the costs of rapid urbanization overweight the benefits of which.
When diseases are not managed it is mainly because of globalization. Globalization has increased the urgency and change and changed the way in which nations must protect and promote health, in part due to the growing number of health hazards that increasingly cross national boundaries (Dodgson et al., 2002; Lee, 2002, 2003). These threats include infectious diseases, such as avian flu, swine flu, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), as well as unhealthy imports, such as tobacco, which heighten the risk of many non-communicable and chronic diseases. (Press, 2009) Some other chronic diseases that are not managed are caused by certain risk factors like an unhealthy diet, no physical activity, and tobacco use can cause premature deaths. In order for you to try and manage how to prevent a disease you will need to do some research.
The twentieth century would bring a plethora of scientific growth in the field of medicine. Society would benefit from the advancements in 19th-century science, by experiencing an increased availability of patient care, which would most notably increase life expectancy. The contrast between the start of the century with the end of the century shows a vast improvement. The way diseases are treated and prevented with vaccinations and medicine, changed peoples understanding of being able to have a long and healthy life, no matter the social class. Throughout the 1900’s, the importance of vaccinations had developed from understanding the science behind them along with the methods of manipulating them to make them safer and more efficient.
The Flexner Report and The Welch-Rose Report The impact of health status and healthcare quality in a nation is important because health is rooted in everyday life. Many people’s desires and goals can only be met if they are physically and mentally well. Focusing on eliminating the barriers to health improves the quality of life and allow people to focus on what it is important to them. Medical advancements have led to the cure of diseases, delayed mortality, and improve the quality of lives in America. All these achievements could not have been made without the interdisciplinary work of the healthcare industry.
This strategy is urgently needed, both because the health community has a duty to counter emerging threats, and because increased attention to climate change offers opportunities to focus on the most disadvantaged populations’ current needs. For example, the international community has agreed on the principle of a global climate change adaptation fund, funded by a 2% levy on a multibillion-dollar Clean Development Mechanism.6 However, this opportunity to strengthen public health can be seized only if the health sector knows what it should do differently because of climate change. The development of a comprehensive strategy will take time, but some essential principles are already clear. A global problem requires a strategy of international dimensions that can translate into regional and local actions. Just as climate change’s underlying causes are global, its health implications do not respect national boundaries.
“One Health is the integrative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, and the environment” (Musoke, Ndjjo, Atusingwize & Ali, 2016). Based on that statement, health care professionals are responsible for ensuring that the community is made aware if there is any outbreaks or threats and provide education to help the public understand how to protect themselves. Also, it is not a new concept that emerging infections have been introduced to communities; furthermore, human life has been treating by microbial as well as viruses for centuries. Diseases can be transmitted via different routes, and one of the routes that human gets exposed to disease is from animals which
Technological advancements are causing more people to become oblivious to the health triangle, physical, social, and mental health. Physical health is being damaged by innovations when “everyone wants to stay indoors and watch Netflix and other things, and they do not want to go outside and be active” (“Science”). With most wanting to use new technology, they wish to remain in the house and not participate in physical activities; as a result of this, people are becoming unhealthy in the physical aspect of the health triangle. With society being inactive throughout the years, obesity rates have risen from 30.5 percent in 1999-2000 to 37.7 percent in 2013-2014 (“Obesity”). Obesity rates have accelerated with the introduction of new inventions in the technology world during the twenty-first century.