For many years, quantitative methods for research have been used to test theories and hypotheses. Qualitative methods are still growing and in contrast to the quantitative methods, they provide a better understanding of meaning and experiences of participants. The emphasis is on the quality of experience, instead of causal relationships (Pietkiewicz & Smith, 2012). It is very important to follow a set of guidelines to provide the readers with adequate details of the research being performed and give an overview and understanding of the participants’ background lives. Elliott, Fischer, & Rennie (1999) constructed a set of guidelines to review qualitative research.
Implementation of such qualitative method in the investigation is relevant and makes it easier to investigate the aspect mentioned through the support of the work done by the authors of the different publications. Following the qualitative method, the research tries to be an exploratory research as much as possible. Thorough interviews of different site personnel are done to obtain information based on the personal histories, perspectives and experiences on the effects of sound in office building and suggestion of possible solutions. Group interviews are also initiated as this brings better understanding on the effects experienced by different members of the group. It is also advantageous to use this method because focus groups generate many ideas which help to explain and explore the concepts underlying the influences of the effects investigated.
In addressing the propositions and context of the case study, it becomes necessary for the researcher to ascertain that there is no deviation in findings in relation to the set research questions of the study. Data analysis is this study would be promoted using mixed research approach. Collection and comparison of qualitative as well as quantitative data would be carried out based on thematic analysis. It will also reflect on the data credibility by crosschecking the findings of different studies. Themes will be made according to the research objectives and the findings collected from the case study would be crosschecked against the literature reviewed.
Researchers will need to have a close involvement with the participants to understand their perspective and interpretation regarding on a situation or phenomenon to develop an in-depth explanation. Qualitative research is done in a wide-angle lens as subjectivity is critical to examines the breadth and depth of phenomena. It is often designs in open-ended questions in order to analyse and interpret the data. The method for qualitative research includes ethnography, interview, historical research, participant observation and textual analysis. (Brennen, 2013) With the strengths of the both qualitative research and quantitative research, triangulation research method will be conducted to enhance and validate the research.
This information may not be possible to capture in a rightful way using surveys and statistics (Corbin and Strauss, 1998: 11), thus a qualitative method is more suitable than quantitative. As argued by Corbin and Strauss (1998:11), qualitative research methodology is useful when obtaining an understanding of the nature of integration and individual experiences, since this enables the researcher to interpret the thoughts and feelings within the given context. Within qualitative research, focus is directed towards how the respondents describe their social reality (Bryman, 2012: 341), which is what this study seeks to understand in order to answer the research question. Further, another reason behind why quantitative data will not be used in this study is related to the risk that the respondents and the researcher might put themselves in, by collecting data on sensitive and sometimes controversial topics. Furthermore, using qualitative data is also suitable in order to fill the existing research gap on this specific topic.
CHAPTER 3 METHODOLOGY This chapter provides the methods and procedures used in the study. It discussed the research design, sampling method, descriptions of the respondents, research instruments, and data collection procedures. RESEARCH DESIGN This study is an explanatory qualitative research that aims to connect the ideas that have gathered for the readers and let each researcher to understand the circumstances that affect the job satisfaction of senior high school educators, to discuss well every detail in the factors which is tackling about job satisfaction. This research objectively provides a brief background in the experiences and perspectives of being an educator; it identifies the effects of those work circumstances that affects
Research Design This study will use a qualitative, descriptive research methodology. Qualitative research can be defined as an overarching concept of several forms of research which help to illuminate and explain the meaning of phenomenon in social settings (Merriam, 1998). The data collection methodologies included in qualitative research are observations, interviews, and analysis of written documents and artifacts (Patton, 2002). The interview using the guide questions will allow for greater analysis of individual depth and detail. The case study method is the preferred choice of methodology given that it allows the researcher to explore additional avenues of information that may arise in the case study of the participating higher education institution (HEI).
Qualitative researchers have the ability to “interact with the research subjects in their own language on their own terms and create a descriptive capability based on primary and unstructured data” (Lebaree, 2009). A qualitative research design is more descriptive and contextual. It evolves in response to the changes of the study. Thus, it offers qualitative researchers “the flexibility to shift the focus of the research; providing a holistic view of the phenomena under investigation” (Lebaree, 2009). It doesn’t limit the research study and leaves room for greater understanding of the topic.
The researcher will use semi structured interview in order to allow rich narrative from open ended questions. This interview will be conducted with key administrative staffs from eternal community and key community leaders ('particular partners') from external community. Interview guide will be prepared by the researcher himself based on the rubric of self assessment on the institutionalization of community engagement in Universities which was developed by Gelmon et al. (2005) and the literature to be
Qualitative researchers aim to gather an in-depth understanding of human behavior and the reasons that govern such behavior. Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying (original) reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides insights into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research.