Importance Of Reading Comprehension

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Among the four language skills, reading comprehension has always been the main concern of Iranian ESP instructors (Farhadi, 2005; Sajadi & Oghabi, 2011; Tabatabaei, 2007). In a similar vein, Iranian university students regard reading comprehension as the most important skill (Sajadi & Oghabi, 2011). Williams (1984) classifies reading materials into three categories: (1) getting general information from a text, (2) getting specific information from a text, (3) for pleasure and for interest. Harmer (2009) believes that reading has a positive effect on people’s vocabulary knowledge, on their spelling and also on their writing. Scanning, skimming, reading for general understanding, reading to learn, reading to integrate information, reading to evaluate critically, reading for detailed comprehension are examples of reading skills. The word strategy comes from the ancient Greek word strategia, which means steps or actions taken for the purpose of winning a war. ). Learning strategies are defined as “specific actions, behaviors, steps, or techniques such as seeking out conversation partners, or giving oneself encouragement to tackle a difficult language task used by students to enhance their own learning” (Scarcella & Oxford, 1992, p.63). Ellis (2008) stated that two of the most commonly cited taxonomies of learning strategies are O’Malley and Chamot (1990) and Oxford (1990). O’Malley and Chamot classified the strategies based on three-way distinction between cognitive strategies,
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