But, a little more detail about the participants’ backgrounds would have added on as a reliable factor. Despite that, they specify why there may be a difference and how it would have been difficult for them to access such information without the use of email; conforming to specification of task. On the whole, the article managed to explain the purpose of the study and showed the results that were achieved and clarified. The topic of study is one that is relatable to people of all ages and keeps the reader engaged. The data is very well presented and clear to
A research paper should include an interesting introduction, body and conclusion. Formatting and citations are an equally important part of a good research paper. Knowing the five steps to writing a research paper before getting started can make the process go smoothly and the results better. The first step in writing a research paper is choosing a topic and forming a thesis statement that answers a question. A topic that interests you or pertains to your own life is a good place to start.
Nonetheless, in order to address this ethical issue, researchers should explain clearly to the research participants. The fact that during interview process, new questions might be asked based on observation and the participant’s responses. And let them know that participants always have the right to withdraw the interview anytime if they feel uncomfortable. During in depth interview, I would ask factual questions before other questions that are related to interviewee’s personal opinions and in some case probes should be used to increase the richness of the data obtained. Including clarification probs to resolve and prevent any confusion, continuation probs to encourage interviewee to keeping talking, expand into more details of his or her
The choice of used methods can only be based on the goal of finding the truth. When judging other publications or presentations, a scientific researcher must only be guided by scientific arguments. When giving education, it must be avoided that only your own study books are used. Every scientific researcher must inform the university about his sideline activities and this information must be accessible on the universities website. - not partial: treating all equal - a scientific researcher must not let personal interest, preference, affection or prejudice affect his judgment and decisions.
To cite a certain number can indicate both the inheritance of science and the respect of other author's fruits of labor. In the meantime, for the others work achievement, it also provides the significant information for the newsroom, auditing experts and readers to identify the value of the paper. And most importantly, the references provide for the readers and review experts the related literature citations of the paper, which facilitates retrieval. Then the information of resources will be shared and the progress of science and technology will be promoted. It is also worth noting that although some classic old documents can be referenced, more new literatures should be cited.
Research in Counseling The purpose of this paper is to know the importance of research in the field of counseling. Address the importance relationship between research and counseling. This paper will also discuss the importance roles and responsibilities of research in the field of counseling. It is important to be aware of the ethical and legal consideration when working with clients. Research is vital in the field of counseling because it provides with proper data on the impact and effectiveness of counseling.
This means that, opposed to being an individual, more ideas and creativity can be incorporated in order to achieve the goal. 2.2. Question 3: Academic writing, research and referencing 3.1.1. Vuuren, Stein and Van Der Merwe (2014) states that: “Your general sources should be Relevant, Readily available and Reliable.” This is a process for proper research and it can be further elaborated. Relevance This part of the process is about how pertinent the source is, which depends on the content of the information, the style that it’s written in (e.g.
Do I need to interview people or do I have enough information which I gathered online? As illustrated by Dr Rica Viljoen in a presentation she did, she touched on the main components of a research paradigm (ontology, epistemology and methodology). Had I gone through the presentation it would have made it easier for me to compile my annotated bibliography. I had a difficult time as my main focus was getting my point across and getting the methodology correct (qualitative or quantitative). The questions I had in mind I did not delve into as much as I should have and this would have made my work a lot better.
• Give the citation in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase. • In the parentheses, give the author’s last name and the page number or numbers from which you took the words or ideas, if available. Do not put any punctuation between the author’s last name and the page
It can help give you more of an understanding reading these, and can provide more in depth detail. However the disadvantage with this method of research is that they may not provide facts, more opinion and experience based. However usually journals are original sources of information before they are published. Also journals are good for research because most journals contain articles in that have been observed by other professionals first to check that the information is reliable. This make it a good source of information.