Jacques Maritain, a member of the drafting committee for the United Nations Human Rights Declaration (UDHR), expressed that "We agree on human rights but on the condition that no one asks us why." This famous line reflects how many around the globe embrace the idea of universal human rights, despite the presence of vast cultural difference. The idea of universal human rights is built on the foundation of an agreement of general consensus to establish a set of human rights that is accepted by all. While many might argue that reaching a consensus on human rights like rights to life and liberty is fairly easy, this process of reaching a consensus is far more complex and narrowing the scope of discussion makes the debate more fiery and intractable.
subject of any reservations whatsoever since these would be inconsistent with the aim and purpose of Protocol I and undermine its basis”. Chapter 3: International Human Rights Law International human Rights law is set of law which is International legal Framework to protect rights of humans and to promote human rights on regional, civil and domestic level. Concept of human rights, entitles every human being to have hisher basic human rights without any discrimination on the basis of political or religious affiliation, race, sex, nationality, language or any other characteristic. This domain of law is widely accepted and practiced in almost whole world. States have acknowledged the need and significance of Human Rights from the past examples of World wars when Human were tortured, humiliated, and brutally treated.
The level of C-B ratios reflects a significant leverage of investments in MPAs for important impacts on tourism benefits and costal protection values. 9 Conclusion Marine heritage needed to be protected in term with MPA that is important due to its not only their conservation benefits, but also yield tangible economic benefits in the country. Marine Heritage can also provide support to other organizations to promote protection, study, education and enjoyment of the resources. Understanding maritime heritage assists people become stewards of shared history and culture. Protection of marine heritage is our duty for future generations.
It was proclaimed in the Purposes of UN Charter that human rights and fundamental freedoms are “for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion." The drafting of the Declaration on Human Rights as it will be universally inapplicable when only western cultures are taken into account at the expense of third world countries. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was criticized by the American Anthropological Association (AAA) on the grounds that, the statement recognized the need for respecting individual personality but failed to take into account the differences existing between different cultural values
For many centuries people defended with their lives the fundamental rights, be it “Liberte, egality, fraternite” of the French revolution, or the freedom of expression in “Charlie” of 21st century. It is our task to promote the protection of fundamental rights, to be fully aware of those rights, their exercise and cases of violation. The Charter of fundamental rights brings all those rights together to make them more visible and understandable to the citizens. It also makes sure that the EU citizen have exactly the same rights no matter what EU country they live in. The Charter addresses individuals directly and eventhough the Treaty of Lisbon is not a constitution, it merges the national societies and turns them
The Declaration has laid down under Article 29 certain limitations to flies to these rights and freedoms. It contemplates that everyone has duties community in which alone the final and full development of his/her personality is possible. Para 2 of Article 29 has provided that the rights shall be provided to the individuals subject to just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. Thus, the rights contemplated in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, 1948 are not absolute. Legal effect of the declaration This Universal Declaration of Human Rights was not intended to be legally binding and, therefore, imposed on States no legal obligation to give effect to its provisions.
However, international law has developed since the decision of the PCIJ in Lotus and has shifted from a focus on bilateral relations among states where a state’s freedom to exercise its sovereignty is only limited by prohibitive rules to which they have consented, to a focus on the international community as a whole. A plethora of international declarations and conventions focusing on states’ duties to respect and protect human rights within their borders has emerged since the mid 20th century. This shift in trajectory challenges the consensual nature of international legal obligations and belies the role of the state as the central subject in international law. Traditionally, there is no hierarchy between the primary sources of international
The sustainability reports benefit the firms and organizations both in internal and external ways. Internal benefits include increasing the organizations' understanding and controlling of risks and opportunities. Also it acts as a reference to managers and decision makers to make a new strategy or policy. Especially, sustainability reports reduce the costs and increase the efficiency. The external aspect includes, improve of the organizations' reputation and brand fidelity by reporting their contribution to society, environment and economy.
Sustainable development is largely linked to Intergeneration equity, which is the development of a nation without degrading its condition in such a way that it becomes a disadvantage to future generations. Intragenerational equity is the distribution of resources and fairness between nations in a given generation. (Environmental Context, Equity) The concept of Intragenerational equity can be reflected in the work that is being done by UNESCO to assist SIDS who are so
It basically means sustainable development that aims to achieve high level of economic , social and human development that is equitable and environmentally sustainable. Recently adopted Sustainable Development Goals by United Nations gives us details of various aspects of good development. Good governance and Good development are corollary to each other but it cannot be denied that good development requires much more than just good governance like high level of technological capability, active civil society, etc. It