Environmental Factors Affecting The Scopus Umbretta

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An investigation to determine the way in which the environment affects the Scopus Umbretta’s(hamerkop) living and feeding methods, as well as the area in which it builds its nest.


Kylie Webb
Grade: 12F


The importance of this study is to be able to understand where and why the Scopus Umbretta builds its nest in a certain area. It is also to find out how the environment and surroundings of this bird affects where and why it builds its nest in this area, as their nest often get taken over by other birds in the area. This study will also look briefly into what the Scopus Umbretta feeds on because this is a factor that can also influence the area in which it may choose to build its nest.
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It is the only one of its type that is in the family Scopidae and genus Scopus all due to its unique characteristics. They feed during the day by walking slowly through shallow waters moving their feet carefully so that they can feel their prey or they will flap their wings in order to scare the prey out of hiding so that they can see and then catch it. In some cases they can also be found hunting on the back of hippos or following cattle and buffalo herds around preying on any insects such as grasshoppers that they may find in passing by because of the movement of the grass. However, their young’s main source of food would be tadpoles.


How does the environment affect the way in which the Scopus Umbretta lives and feeds?


The aim of this study is to investigate how the environment will have an affect on the way that the Scopus Umbretta lives and feeds.


The Scopus Umbretta lives and always builds its nest in high up areas such as trees and near a water source, where it is also able to find food, such as a river or lake.


 Camera
 Clip board
 Pencil
 Exam pad
 Measuring tape
 Given rubric
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This bird also does not like building its nest more than 4-6 meters away from water, as you can see in the table of results it didn’t build more than 5 meters away from the stream. It is also obvious that these birds prefer to build their in moist areas than in dry areas as they were both in a forest area. As shown the nests were also 500 meters apart from one another meaning that this is a territorial bird, because they built their nests at such a distance from one another that it gave each of them their own

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