Rubrics are evaluation guides that provide feedback on several different learning objectives, recognizing where a student falls into the spectrum of proficiency for each objective. Teachers should model the use of rubrics early in the class and explain to the students the importance of the holistic grading. When the students get used to the concept, they can use the rubrics to evaluate their own progress. Through the use of rubrics the teacher can receive information that reveals gaps between students’ perceived performance and actual performance (Alpert,
Stations or centers might be teacher-led if new knowledge is to be given or student-led if mastery is to be obtained on the information given by the teacher. Project-based is another strategy and one of the best ways to differentiate instruction due to the students’ needs and styles are addressed. Projects internalize help and support among students beside some academic skills. Tiered Activities, on the other hand, are based on the learning tasks designed at different levels of complexity according to students’ readiness levels, i.e. to be gradually given to the students ,whenever the student finishes one stage, they transfer to the other one until the task is done, or at times keeping the learning outcomes same the learning tasks can be designed according to students’ learning preferences viz.
Assessment: meaning According to me the term “assessment” is defined as the process to check how much a student has understood based on the lesson that was taught to them in class. Assessment also helps the students know how they progress in class. Assessment is a process that includes measuring improvement overtime, motivating the students to study, evaluating teacher’s method and ranking student’s capability in relation to the whole group evaluation. Importance of assessment in the teaching learning process. The assessment can benefit the students as well as benefit the teachers in many ways: For students, assessment can mean: ■ clarifying their instructors’ expectations for them ■ focusing more on learning as they
Its purpose is to guide instructors in incorporating activities and discussions that will help learners understand how they learn, their strengths and their needs, and to better understand the learning process. Metacognition is the process of thinking about thinking. It is the process of developing self-awareness and the ability to self-assess. It is contemplation about one’s education and learning -- past, present, and future. Since adults are largely self-determining, helping them develop metacognitive skills is an essential element in any program intended to increase their autonomy.
Teachers can reflect on each student’s level of achievement, as well as on specific inclinations of the group, to customize their teaching plans., after receiving this information. Assessment is used as a research to find out as much as they can about what their students know, and what confusions, and prejudgment, or gaps they might have. Continuing assessment provides day-to-day feedback about the learning and teaching process. Assessment can reinforce the efficacy of teaching and learning. It also encourages the understanding of teaching as a productive process that evolves over time with feedback and input from students.
“Formative assessment is a process used by teacher and students during instruction that provides feedback to adjust on going teaching and learning to improve students’ achievement of intended instructional outcomes (Caroline Wylie and Christine Lyon, 2013).” I believe that formative assessments are essential for both students and teachers to inform instruction within lessons and they confirm how much students know about the lesson and how teacher can support to engage in their learning. I approve that asking better questions affords students an opportunity for deeper thinking and provides teachers to know the levels of students’ understanding. In my class, when I started the lesson with inquiring based questions by eliciting learners’ level of background knowledge, the students promptly gave feedback or response quickly to me. It was so notable that I could make
176). Sheets are typically in the form of instructions and steps to complete a task. Student sheets activity contains a set of basic activities that must be performed by students to increase the understanding of the formation of basic capabilities corresponding indicators of achievement of learning outcomes that must be taken. In the development of these materials, Student sheets activity contain contextual problem-solving activities that assisted fraction card media to find the solution or other possible strategies. Test The Test is done to measure the standard to which learning outcomes desired behavior change in the learning objectives have been achieved by the students (Purwanto, 2009, p. 67).
Language objectives refer to language skills that learners are expected to acquire in the classroom. Objectives that are concerned with strategies for communicating, learning, and critical thinking are referred to as "strategic objectives". Learning process are “conscious processes and techniques that facilitate the comprehension, acquisition, and retention of new skills and concepts” (Chamot and O’Malley 1987). According to Chamot and Michael O’Malley, these may include metacognitive strategies (such as selective attention), cognitive strategies (such as summarizing and elaboration), or socio-affective strategies (such as questioning for clarification). Socio-affective objectives refer to changes in learner’s attitudes or social behaviours that result from classroom instruction (e.g.
USE QUESTIONING AND FEEDBACK TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE ASSESSMENT PROCESS UNIT 2, 6.4 LITERATURE REVIEW Harlen explains that there are two main reasons for assessing students: to help their learning and to report on what they have learned. He argues that researchers typically discuss these reasons as different purposes for assessment and “mistakenly as different kinds of assessments that are somehow opposed to one another” (Harlen, 2007b). How can they achieve the aim? When learners know and understand these principles, the quality of learning will improve. Sharing this information with my learners will promote ownership of the learning aims and a sense of shared responsibility between me the teacher and learner to achieve those aims.
Diagnostic assessment establishes a baseline for standards within the course, allows student to determine their preparedness for their current learning activities and also permit teachers to adjust their introductory activities so that majority of the learners are able to participate at a meaningful level. Formative assessment intends to improve the teaching and learning process through the feedback it gathers. Summative assessment is used primarily for progression and certification purposes. Integrative assessment describes specific types of task with specific outcomes and reward mechanism. The primary purpose of this assessment is to provide feedback (judgement) on the learner’s ability to be self-regulated.