Federalism splits power between the state and federal government, protecting each government to not gain more power than another. The separation of power allows each side to have their own rights which grant a “double security” to the people (Document A). The separation of power protects the citizens from tyranny so that the
Therefore, the separation of power was included to limit the powers of the government. • Checks and Balances: The Constitution provides for checks and balances among different branches of the government to ensure balance. The framers of the Constitution saw it fit to divide power within the federal government to avert concentration of power on one man or group. The Constitution thus gave each branch of the government power although with a number of constitutional restraints in which it can check the operations
Montesquieu didn't want the government to abuse its power. He believed a true republic need the three branches which consist of the legislative, the executive, and the judicial branch. “To prevent this abuse, it is necessary, from the very nature of things, that power should be a check to power…. When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person, or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty. .
The parliament was given its authority by the voting system within the UK which gave the parliament legitimacy to make, amend or abolish laws. The UK then seen the 1911 and 1949 Parliament Acts that have further reduced the powers of the HOL and concentration of power in the HOL and its executive the prime minister. If the HOL introduces a law and the majority of the HOL agrees the law will be passed. The UK has an internal convention that it will go through steps to allow a royal assent of the law however this does not have to be followed as it is not law, again this shows the parliament as having absolute power/sovereignty. This change of powers sees sovereignty shift from the monarch to parliament.
It was also thought that dual citizenship would threaten the legitimacy of democracy as it would clash with the principle of “one people, one vote”. A dual citizen is bound by laws of both countries and hence deciding which nation’s laws to prosecute if one commit a crime may be very difficult. Dual citizenship not only cause problems for the nation, the individual
In return, the body politic must observe the laws that the government sets, respecting their legitimacy. If a government loses its legitimacy and begins to negatively affect its people, then the body politic has the right to overthrow the government and elect a new one into power. Otherwise, it is implied that citizens have the duty to respect the
However, the enactment of a law varies based on the government. In an autocracy, the leader has the power to pass any law he wishes. In a democracy, the bill to enact a law must be voted on by the different parts of the government. Laws must be obeyed by all, including private citizens, groups and companies as well as public figures, organizations and institutions. Laws set out standards, procedures and principles that must be followed.
Thomas Jefferson- one of the great American founding fathers with exquisite taste in architecture and French wine, but also known to hold a controversial set of ideas- fought frequently and strongly against the Federalists ideas before he achieved Presidency. Jefferson and the other republican democrats who followed suit held the belief that the powers of the federal government should be left strictly to what is granted to them in the Constitution. Those powers not specifically addressed in the Constitution would then be delegated to the state governments. This is to ensure that the federal government did not have too much power as they believe a country runs best under a form of self-government. While on the other corner of the ring, the Federalists believed that the newly founded country would run best if the national government was strong and powerful and in effect if the Constitution was loosely interpreted.
On account of the general force given to one individual, presidential frameworks could rapidly change into dictator administrations if circumstances grant. The impact of a presidential system on governmental issues can be seen through the more grounded part of the president when passing enactment. This is against the parliamentary system on how an executive or prime minister for the most part has a smaller part in governmental issues while parliament is normally fast in passing enactment and evading
A blog from the Department of the Philippines says that, “The Philippine political system takes place in an organized structure of a president, representative, and democratic republic wherein the president is both the head of government and the head of the state within a multi-party system.” And since our country is democratic, our political system is divided into three. First is the Executive branch which has the authority and responsibility for the administration of the state. It also executes or enforces the law. Second is the Legislative branch which has the power to enact, amend and repeal laws. The Senate and the House of Representatives are part of this.