Assessments: peer and self-assessment are crucial in providing opportunity to metacognitive thinking about education, in addition to assess own progression for meaningful productive feedback. 5. Established learning: teacher and student roles in the learning process should be established. Teachers need to create an environment where student can establish trust and mutual respect, as well as experience harmless constructive feedback. As defined by Bell & Cowie (2001), there are nine characteristics of formative assessment: responsiveness; source of evidence; tacit process; use of professional knowledge and experience; integral measures between teaching and learning; assessments by teacher and student; purpose; appropriateness of process; and predicaments.
Stations or centers might be teacher-led if new knowledge is to be given or student-led if mastery is to be obtained on the information given by the teacher. Project-based is another strategy and one of the best ways to differentiate instruction due to the students’ needs and styles are addressed. Projects internalize help and support among students beside some academic skills. Tiered Activities, on the other hand, are based on the learning tasks designed at different levels of complexity according to students’ readiness levels, i.e. to be gradually given to the students ,whenever the student finishes one stage, they transfer to the other one until the task is done, or at times keeping the learning outcomes same the learning tasks can be designed according to students’ learning preferences viz.
From the above discussion, it seemed to be clear why I chose 'Social Cognitive Theory '. This theory seemed to be supported to my study because it focused on observation which plays fundamental role to learn English. This theory believs that learning takes places through direct observation, modeling, social environment, skills, stratigies, and attitudes. In EFL classroom, teachers exhibit different behaviors (verbal and nonverbal), skills, and attitudes by creating learning environment which may influence students to learn an English language.This theory helped me to see what types of nonverbals behaviors teachers demonstrate through modeling while teaching. Similarly, this theory gave me insight to explore the aims of this study.
They defined formative assessment as a concept that teachers use information from activities to determine the next steps in learning and teaching. In their viewpoints, the information from a formative assessment actually is used to adjust instruction ‘to meet students’ needs”. In other words, these adjustments were not only to be made in the instruction but they needed to work. Likewise, Brown (2004) also stated this point in his definition. He defines formative assessment as “evaluating students in the process of ‘forming’ their competencies and skills with the goal of helping them to continue that growth process”, (p
One of your primary duties as an instructional designer will be to identify the learning needs of students by working with subject matter experts. You will then be required to develop objectives and make sure that the content you create is a match for those objectives. You might also have to rewrite and revise existing content in order to make it more suitable for learning needs. Additional media to support learning might also have to be created and it is often necessary to take original instructional materials and then adapt them to another format. How Much Can I Potentially Earn In This
(Skowron, 2010) This paper will focus on the different aspects of a lesson plan, namely the lesson objectives, context, learning content, strategies, assessment and reflection of a lesson. The main focus will be on every aspect individually as well as the role every aspect has in the planning of a lesson. 1.1. Lesson Objectives When planning for a lesson, the first aspect that an educator needs to decide on is the selection of topic or the component of the subject that has to be taught. (John, 2007) When considering the lesson objectives of a certain subject or component, an educator should pay attention to the age and abilities of the students to ensure that the lesson is effective and that the students get the most out of the lesson.
From this numerous specific and measurable objectives can be derived. It’s your motive and intention to aspire the learning outcome. How do I identify my Objectives:- In education, learning objectives are specific statements that explain what the learners ' will exactly do by the end of the course, programme, or module. Objectives are the foundation and basis for constructing an effective course. Perhaps objectives are the directive factors for the course writers to decide on the instructor teaching and learning activities, it determines the formal and informal assessment methods as well as the evaluation techniques to be exercised.
This essay will critically discuss the Communicative Approach in the English classroom and how the CAPS document addresses the approach. The first paragraph discusses the meaning and reason why the Communicative Approach is necessary. Communication can be found in many different forms, as learners it is one of the most important skills that can be taught in life.The Communicative Language Theory in teaching is a methodology that is accepted worldwide. The methodology connects the theory sections with the practice in teaching a language. Theory states what language is and how a learned.
(K.Mitra, 2006)At present, speaking a foreign language represents one of the essential requirements of today´s society. Besides other skills and knowledge, it is considered as one of the most influencing factors while applying for a job or sustaining in a particular work position under the condition of advancing the language level. English language is a necessity for everyone in general, mainly for the students. English conversation plays a crucial role in understanding each other and dealing with different kinds of uncovered problems. Being able to keep a fluent conversation with a native speaker is viewed as the main goal of this research and it also highlights the importance of speaking skills in a student´s point of view.
LITERATURE REVIEW What is meant by the term 'syllabus '? When to evaluate a syllabus, it is essential to keep in mind the possible definition of the term to provide a basic framework for evaluation. According to the Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics a syllabus can be defined as 'a description of the contents of a course of instruction and the order in which they are to be taught ' (Richards et al. 1992, 368). Textbooks hold a cogent role in the teaching /learning process as they are the basic agents of transmitting knowledge to learners.