This leads to various restrictions of his freedom of choice, fear of the future and humiliation of one’s dignity. A lot of researches (Littlewood (1999), Taljūnaitė (2004), Mikulionienė (2005), etc.) affirm that those who can be characterized by their weak physical of psychical health, bad economic situation or whose families are insecure, tend more to enter the risk of social exclusion. From the perspective of human rights, dignity is defined as a necessity to fulfil one’s own duties and create an individualized, that is, meaningful social life. This self-fashioning implies that a subject’s meaningful worthiness rise from his capability to live properly under the values that are practiced in a particular society (Vaišvila, 2005).
Communities or groups are considered marginalized on account of their distance from the centre’s political or economic power and consequent limited access to the decision making processes. Some marginalized groups are deliberately created and that limits their access to education and social welfare schemes. Some groups are marginalized because of the attitudes and actions of the dominant or majority group. This is a process often undertaken by the institutions controlled by the dominant powerful groups in society. Distinctions can be made between marginal groups and marginalized groups in society.
As the upper castes enjoyed a certain degree of influence and respectability in the society, the lower castes not being the owner of such powers and privileges, were subject to victimization on account of their vulnerability. As a result of this, the people undergo economic deprivation and status frustration. This victimization alienates them from the main stream society and in order to be de-victimized and be free from this vicious cycle, they get drawn into illegitimate opportunity structure. In the process of seeking
However, the social structure often fails in providing the means, thereby creating an imbalance in the fulfillment of the cultural goals. This imbalance that stems from the lack of necessary means to achieve socially accepted cultural goals leads to structural strain. The Strain Theory was propounded by Robert
The Hindu social order is not centered on the individual’s merit rather it recognizes class or Varna. It has four classes namely Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. Today there is also a fifth class below Shudras which is known as Panchamas or Untouchables. According to Vedas, different classes originated from different parts of the divinity. The Brahmins from the mouth, Kshatriyas from the arms, Vaishyas
Introduction Almost every society in the world has a form of social classification or division. In India, the most prominent division is the caste system. The caste system is mainly associated with Hindus but many social scientists claim that this system exists in other religions within different parts of India. There are two parts to the caste system. The first are Varnas and the second are Jatis.
Instead, it will bring about social exclusion and lead to social segregation between the rich and the poor. This is evident not only in the aspects of income but also other aspects such as education, health and housing. Children often have to work outside of school so that they can provide income for their families. Hence, they are unable to fully enjoy the benefits of education, even though it is fully funded for. This leads to a poverty cycle, as they often do not have the skills and knowledge required in the workforce, reducing their potential income, therefore being unable to walk out of poverty.
Poverty definitely makes a difference to education. Poverty refers to the state of one who lacks a certain amount of material possessions or money. Students must have their basic needs met before they are able to learn. Poverty does not have to have a negative impact on a child 's education, but often times it does. A child growing up in poverty is exposed to some of the lowest aspects of life.
The concepts in ethnic such as ethnicity, ethnocentrism and discrimination can detrimental to the integration of patriotism toward Malaysia. The stages of ethnic relation in Malaysia has transformed from segregation to amalgamation. At the beginning stage, the relationship among race or ethnic during the “Colonial”time has the effect of separation especially in education system,career and communication. Then in a process where each noticed their own value of their own social norms to upkeep their strong belief of their own cultural and living. This stage of the process known as accommodation.
Under poverty an individual’s focuses to fulfil his basic immediate needs and short term concerns. So a child growing up in such an environment has a very different take on education and what their aim is. They are provided with few opportunities for example: the Indian government has brought out right to education act which demands of eight years of compulsory education for all class of children irrespective of their status in the society. This law doesn’t seem to have significant effect as it serves only as a foundation course and further education is needed to make it effective but their everyday life constraints like hunger, illness, shelter and insecurity makes it difficult from them to cope with the