Importance Of Sociology In Nursing

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Sociology, as defined by Smith (1981), is the study of the social facts, such as feeling, thinking and acting, that are common to a society which force individuals in that society to conform. Sociology allows us to look at society and its relationships in a certain way and understand and explain the members within that society (Pinikahana, 2003). The purpose of this essay is to outline the key arguments for and against health professionals studying Sociology of Health and Illness. There is a range of different views regarding health professionals studying sociology and some of them will be outlined in this essay.
Sociology has become an important tool for nursing as it encourages nurses to implement particular modes of power when dealing with clients (Mulholland, 1997). Cooke (1993) acknowledged the fact that sociology had been disregarded in nursing curricula and this could be explained by the negativity of nurse educationalists towards the subject. A lack of familiarity with theoretical reflection went against the utilisation of sociology within nursing practice. Adopting the ‘bio-psycho-social’ model marked both a philosophical and practical change in nursing. It shifted away from a stress on hygiene and moved towards a more humanistic concern with communication. This caused sociology to become seen as central to the humanization of nursing as it enabled the nurse to relate to the client as a whole (Mulholland, 1997).
New ways of looking at nursing problems are offered by
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