Importance Of Solid Waste In The Philippines

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Solid wastes or also known as garbage, are one of the main problems of our world today. Philippines reached critical proportions of environmental problem specifically solid wastes. Wastes is mainly a by-product of consumer-based lifestyles that drive much of the world’s economies. Due to a growing population, increasing consumption and increasing urbanization, waste generated in the Philippines is estimated at 19,700 tons per day. Our country is composed of 41,392 barangays, 1,502 municipalities, 116 cities and 71 provinces nationwide. Projections show that waste generation will increase 47 percent by 2010, or 28, 875 per day . Generally, the higher the economic development and rate of urbanization, the greater amount of solid waste is produced . In this present time, it is being solved by methods of waste management. Each barangay is responsible for the segregation of waste source, collection of biodegradable and non-biodegradable waste and components.
Solid portion of waste generated by households, commercial establishments, public and private institutions, and other sources defines municipal solid waste. Almost 40% of the municipal waste stream is composed of paper and paperboard, about 10% of plastics, about 13% metals and glass, and about 13% yard trimmings.
The three main methods of waste disposal are landfill, incineration, though preferably to energy generation (section 10.45) and open dumping land. Open dumping and composting are also done in some communities.
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