Thus the important thing in speaking skill for students is in order to make them speak forthrightly and confidently with their classmates through rehearsing their English conversation frequently. thus that they are not clumsy to practiced gradually. When students tend assume want to successfulness of mastering foreign language is by communicating the language, in other words by speaking it out. Litlewood (2009) speaking ability is the first implementation of foreign language learning students of language learning supposed that to be able of communicating the language. Those students of foreign language learning should be able to implement the knowledge of language into its real performance.
By having a group or pair work, students can learn and improve their language since they need to talk to each other by using the second language that they learned. Hence, it will help them to be a good speaker on that particular language. Besides that, one of the tasks in learning a second language must be giving a speech. From this task, the students will learn a lot of new words in order to make a preparation for their speech, so they will be more confident to use the words when giving the speech. In addition, the teacher can immediately correct them if they pronounce the words wrongly or use it in a wrong way.
Understanding language is one of the difficult tasks that their brain does to some extent. The advantages of learning a second language seem, in fact, to be proportional to the effect protracted by the brain. Because language is somewhat complex, learning a foreign language may give their brain a marvelous workout. It is special that students brain is development completely while they practice speaking different languages. It is believed that using foreign languages supports in favor of new world and fresh way of reflection (Kim 2013).
Every language has it’s own four basic skills which learners should master if they want to use language properly. It is the same when we learn our native language, first, we learn to listen, then to speak, then to read and at the end to write. We call it the four language skills. When students learn the language they have to improve it with good grammar and rich vocabulary. It is assumed this is not the final purpose.
Speaking is one of four important skills that have to be mastered by students in learning English. Speaking is important for some reasons. First, it helps students to be active learners because they have something to speak. In other words, speaking avoids them to be passive learners. Second, speaking can help students to interact and communicate with others.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English class are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
[24a] In reality, however, most students are not able to speak fluently and accurately when (they are) doing conversation orally. [75a] The teachers should give more exercises for speaking while they are teaching speaking. [20a] The mastery of speaking becomes the most important aspect in learning a second or foreign language compared with other language skills, and it can be measured if the students are successful to carry out a conversation in the language. [109b] For increasing vocabulary, there are some ways that can be done by the students, namely: the students can look up or consult the dictionary. [201b] Linguistic knowledge needs to be learnt by the students as it helps them understand a
1.1 Background of the Study Speaking English is considered the most fundamental skill to be mastered in language learning (Aleksandrzak, 2011; Bashir, Azeem, & Dogar, 2011; Hasan, 2014; Malihah, 2010; Oradee, 2012). It is supported by the fact that speaking proficiency is often used as the measurement of the success of learners in learning English (Richards, 2008). In Indonesian context, speaking skill is considered an important skill to be mastered by senior high-school students, either public high school or vocational high school. However, speaking is considered a difficult skill to develop. It is because of the students’ lack of exposures, lack of confidence, and lack of motivation (Febriyanti, 2011).
For several reasons, English is very difficult for Indonesian learners in general. One of the factors in mastery speaking skill is unless daily conversation about English language. Beside that students lack of practice their language out of class. In Indonesia learning speaking is only in class. It’s make not all students able to use English language in active and tend to passive.
These are one of the trickiest topics to teach especially to second language learners. It is hard enough for learners to learn independent, single-structured words. We have to make sure that they are equipped with the knowledge of these words first before we let them embark on complex structures discussed on this chapter. Despite the complexity, I consider these areas to be one of the most amusing to teach in class. Why?