WHAT IS SUSTAINABLE TOURISM There are several definitions outlined in modern literature, all with different viewpoints as to what exactly is part of sustainability. Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting a place as a tourist and trying to make only a positive impact on the environment,
12. Through the wide range of services needed to satisfy its requirements, tourism creates new activities of considerable importance which are a source of new employment. In this respect, tourism constitutes a positive element for social development in all the countries where it is practised irrespective of their level of development. 13. With respect to international relations and the search for peace, based on justice and respect of individual and national aspirations, tourism stands out as a positive and ever-present factor in promoting mutual knowledge and understanding and as a basis for reaching a greater level of respect and confidence among all the peoples of the world.
Introduction With the social development, tourism has become the most powerful and biggest industry. As the concept of sustainable tourism is getting popular but has not yet formed into a unified concept of sustainable tourism. It is aimed to achieve the requirements of the sustainable development of tourism should be natural, social, cultural and ecological coordination with the environment. The negative impacts of tourism, including deforestation, pollution, indigenous culture loss, and habitat and biodiversity loss. Sustainable tourism requires the establishment of a suitable balance between the environmental, social and economic, to guarantee a long-term sustainability of tourism development.
Sustainable tourism considers equally economical, social and environmental aspects of tourism destinations. By respecting all three, it provides long run development with respect of caring capacity. Eco-certification, on the other hand, influences both supply and demand side of tourism market, and increases consumer’s confidence. Key words: sustainability, tourism, and certification Sustainable tourism is tourism, which concerns total economic, social and environmental impact, by caring for the needs of tourists, economy, environment and local communities. (Making Tourism More Sustainable, UNWTO&UNEP, 2011).
Since the beginning of mankind on earth Building construction has had very big direct and indirect impacts on the environment, on society, and the economy. The field of sustainable design has got the aim of balancing the needs of these areas by method of creating designs that helps environment society and economy. The main goals of sustainable design are to reduce wasting of critical resources like energy, water, land, and raw materials; prevent environmental facilities and infrastructure from making the environment worse in their life cycle; and create environments that are livable, comfortable, safe, and productive. As a normal result of human-beings live their lives there,buildings use resources (energy, water, raw materials. ), produce
Based on the fact that tourism is involved with visitors entering the host country, this allows for greater use of the host countries resources and greater chances of land, water, air and noise pollution. Pollution leads to poisoning, increase in morality of Airborne and waterborne diseases thus having a negative impact on the tourism industry. Sustainable tourism a marketing perspective by Victor T.C. Middleton and Rebecca Hawkins chapter 2 can further elaborate on these global environmental issues as well as the others listed above. These global environmental issues however can be somewhat avoided or corrected by practicing Eco-tourism.
Tourism has been identified for its important participation in the economy in different small islands. Tourism serves to encourage the growth of basic infrastructure, participates in the development of businesses, attracts foreign investment and supports the transfer of information and technology (Riaz, Suhejla, and Michael, 2008). Tourism has also been observed as a promoter for the conservation and development of the environment as well as sustaining local culture and diversity. Tourism is associated with different key economic sectors like hotels, transport, restaurants, and construction. This is because of the fact that tourism has the ability to make multiplier impacts in different ancillary and supporting services.
There are several problems that found in sustainability tourism that can affect the future in the tourism industry. Nowadays, to be a host for any worldwide tourism event is no more a benefit for certain developing countries. The position is coveted by numerous developing countries in view of the upcoming advantages the country will get toward the end of the day. The accomplishment from facilitating any prominent tourism event will not only make the country proud yet it additionally expands the financial result and exceeds the political effects. Economic factor is one of the critical components in advancing prominent international events as the monetary measurement of event has dependably been connected to economic growth and making new outskirts for the
al. 2003, ASPO 2008, Meng and Bentley 2008, cited in Day et al, 2009:322).In the economic sustainable development, the process of economic development and technological progress must meet the needs of the society of all sorts of natural resources.Economic sustainable development of resource use, can use the rich resources and the matters which do not belong to the category of resources to replace the shortage of the resources which limit the economic development.In social culture sustainable development, it mainly be carried out in cities and urbanized regions which have the highest level of water, soil and air pollution. Urban policies are very essential in that
Responsible tourism should be consider in all aspect it may be management, planning and many more for public and private sector. Responsible tourism may only be achieve when all role players and stakeholders accept and share the responsibility to plan and develop for tourism. The three pillars of sustainable development is integral on responsible tourism and this are economic growth, environment integrity and social justice. For effective application responsible tourism needs the political will of a country’s government ensure the support for responsible tourism. The vision of responsible tourism is the responsibility that is share with those that are involve in it.