Importance Of Syllabus

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Chapter 1: Introduction. In this chapter, the authors will present the rationale, aims and objectives, the research questions, significance of the study. I. BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY It is an indispensable fact that the syllabus plays a very important role in teaching in general and language teaching in particular. An appropriate syllabus will help teacher and learner obtain the aims and objectives of an English course or in other words, it contributes a great deal to the success of an English course. Regarding the necessary of designing a syllabus Hutchinson and Waters (1987) explain why we should have a syllabus by giving out a list of reasons for having a syllabus. According to these co-authors, some of the reasons that make a syllabus important…show more content…
The strong point of this approach is the consideration about learners; it aims to get away from the surface performance data and look at the competence that underlies the performance. However, despite its concern for the learner, the skills-centered approach still regards the learner as a user of language rather than as a learner of language and it is concerned with the processes of language use, not of…show more content…
The advantage of this approach over the two above-mentioned ones is that it fully takes the learner into account. The learner is considered at every stage of the learning process, whereas the language-centered approach and even the skills-centered one, in spite of its emphasis on the learner, only use the learner to identify the target situation and to analyze the learning situation, then the learner is discarded in the process of determining the content of the course. Comparing the natures and advantages as well as the disadvantages of the approaches above the author will choose the learning-center approach as the basis for designing an ESP syllabus for the second-year students at the Border Guard Academy. 2.3.5. Steps in syllabus design Designing a language syllabus is no doubt a complex process. Different researchers look at the issue in different ways. Hughes (1983) suggests that the first important steps must be the choice of aims and objectives while Long and Crookes (1993) considers tasks as the point of departure in syllabus design. Other researchers share the view that needs analysis should be the initial step. Nunan (1988) provides a more detailed model including the following steps: • Needs analysis •

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