Educators should strive to become aware of the linguistic values and attitudes implicit in and our classroom discourse (Sayer, 2008). By allowing students to use home languages, educators promote pride in learners’ ethnolinguistic identities and teach learners how to use their linguistic toolkit for academic content learning. It is important to consider the new millennium demands educators and learners not only becoming bilinguals but becoming biliterate. Biliterate individuals are distinguished by being advanced bilinguals who are proficient at communicating in two languages in terms of literacy skills, that is, reading and writing. Then, educators and learners need to adopt a lens which makes them recognize and build translanguging practices in today’s classrooms; in few words continua of biliteracy.
“Good feedback practice is not only about providing accessible and usable information that helps students improve their learning, but it is also about providing good information to teachers” (Nicol and Macfarlane, 2006, p. 214). Quality assessment and effective feedback have a strong impact in systemizing educational governance. In the same way, it can enable all learners to enhance their learning or leads to increase learning and teachers in their teaching. Some research evidence such as Nicol and Macfarlane –Dick (2006)
In addition, most secondary schools and universities require a foreign language to be known. People should learn a foreign language at an early age, because it helps young learner’s learning skills, makes it easier to perfectly acquire a new language, and helps to prepare for schools. People should learn a foreign language at an early age, because it builds up young students’ concentration skills, increases of understanding ability, and intelligence. According to a research done by Harvard University, research confirms that learning another language can have impacts on chldren’s critical thinking skills and creativity. Dr. Pascual-Leone’s (Professor of Neurology) researched the about important first step in understanding the impact of learning a second language and the ageing brain.
The roles of English Literature in the language curriculum at schools are inevitably vital to the students. Most of the teachers are well aware of the importance of the Literature teaching to the students due to its help in broadening the students’ perspective about the beautiful content of English as a language and as a learning subject. Based on the study, it was found that teacher’s guidance inside and outside classrooms is very important to attract the students’ attention and interest to learn the subject. Learning Literature is in fact encourages students to read more and by doing so they will unconsciously increase their vocabulary. By improving on vocabulary, the students can write better and in a more correct way.
Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students. It is useful because the ability to communicate with foreign language, especially English clearly and efficiently contributes to the success of the students at school and success later in every period of students’
Particularly as students develop greater fluency and expression in English, it is significant for them to acquire more productive vocabulary knowledge and to develop their own personal vocabulary learning strategies. The prominent role of vocabulary knowledge in second or foreign language learning has been recently recognized by theorists and researchers in the field. Accordingly, numerous types of approaches, techniques, exercises and practice have been introduced into the field to teach vocabulary (Hatch & Brown, 1995). It is believed that communication could not be successful when individuals do not make appropriate use of correct and right words (Allen, 1983). Therefore, lexical knowledge plays an important role in learning English; L2 learners are required to learn words and use them properly so that they could be involved in effective communication.
Research was conducted in order to improve students vocabulary by using word wall. It was found that students enjoyed the class and actively participated in the learning process. Word wall media was very helpful to improve the vocabulary of the students (Decy, 2013). Flashcards and storytelling are the two strategies through which English language of the students can be developed. In order to teach English language to the students, teachers should provide them opportunities to interact in an interesting and meaningful context, in which they are able to use and play with language because it is an interacting process.
Before getting into the main issues of using the Communicative Approach in the English Teaching in Costa Rica and how using it could improve the pronunciation of students who are learning a second language it is important to know what the “Communicative Approach” is. The main idea of the Communicative Approach is for the student, the learner, to communicate efficiently in different scenarios, in other words, increase the learners´ communicative competence. In order to achieve this it is necessary for the learner to increase her/his competence in four areas: “listening, speaking, reading and writing” (Beltrán-Palanques, 2012). This method has been broadly recognized as one of the most, if not the most, appropriate model when teaching a second
It will help me to look closely into my instructional practice and strategies to know how effective they are. British Educational Research Association (2014) emphasizes on the importance of "on-going professional development to help update teachers’ knowledge, deepen their understanding and advance their skills as expert practitioners." On the other hand, there will be positive effects on my students achievement. They will learn a new way of getting knowledge in which they have to be active learners and this will enrich the self-study principle. Increasingly, their skills of thinking, analyzing, comparing and making decision will be
Thus, teachers should know that the attitude of learners towards the learning process highly influence their potential to learn the language, and helps in increasing their motivation. Teachers opt to use rewards and punishments to create a good learning environment and also to gain their students’ interest towards learning English. However, rewards and punishments affect people differently depending on how they perceived them. 2.2 REWARDS System of rewards has been widely used in teaching and learning progress. (Yuan, 2012) According to Armstrong (2005), one of the most important concerns of the usage of rewards is that, it can be used to motivate people to perform better.