He/she is the person who read and then evaluate so the writing should be generalized for all ages that people can read and understand. Third, the evidence which is used to support the academic writing is a significant feature. The ideas should be, at least, proved by trustful resources, which are according to periodicals, books, databases, and so on. When using information from outside sources, the writer should paraphrase, summarize or quote them to avoid plagiarism. Furthermore, it is about the style that the writing should be well-organized with logical order.
The main unlikable feature in writing is if it fails. Writers don’t like it if a story or a novel doesn’t work at all. At some point in the writing everyone faces the problems after getting the response from the readers. We write to communicate with others, arouse interest or action from the reader. We also use writing to help to reflect on personal experiences and learn from them.
It’s important when trying to differentiate between them is to understand more then memories. As both phonetics and phonology break down into different routes when practicing you will be able to comprehend more information, and distinguish between each word and its meaning. Each one of us already knows some phonological rules that apply throughout our everyday life. Whenever we pronounce a sound we are actually pronouncing it while applying some phonological rules. Phonetics and phonology is the core base of the study of linguistics.
Also there is much ambiguity in natural language. Many words have several meanings and sentences may have different meanings in different contexts. This made creation of programs that understands a natural language,a challenging task. 3.3 Phases of NLP 1.Natural Language Understanding It takes some spoken/typed sentence and working out what it means. 2.Natural Language Generation Takes some formal representation of what you want to say and works out in a way to express it in a natural (human) language (e.g., English) MITCOE, Department of Computer Engineering, Pune 2015-16 5 Sentimental Analysis and Emotion Recognition Chapter 4 Natural Language Understanding Understanding language means, among other things,knowing that what the concepts ,a word or phrase stand for and knowing how those concept together in a meaningful way.
1.1 Language Assessment Language assessment serves dual purpose in applied linguistics, first it operationalizes the theories of applied linguistics and, secondly, it provides applied linguistics with data for analyzing language knowledge as well as language use (Clapham, 2000). 1.1.1 Testing and Assessment Language testing and assessment are commonly misunderstood in the field of education as being synonymous terms but they are quite different constructs. A test is defined by Brown (2003) as a method to measure an individual’s ability, knowledge and performance. This definition outlines three components of a test. First, it is a tool that requires the test-taker to perform in a given domain.
That represent letters and those letters from words then the words form phrases and the phrases form clauses that form a short conversation or a long speech. Because of the importance of language, scientist made up a scientific branch to deal with it that is called Linguistics. Linguistics means the scientific study of language". Linguistics is concerned with what properties all human languages have in common, how languages are different, and how speech sounds are produced. Indeed, "there are various types of linguistics such as: Historical Linguistics Sociolinguistics Psycholinguistics Ethnolinguistics or Anthropological Linguistics) Dialectology Computational Linguistics Psycholinguistics."
Sociolinguistic studies about the relationship between the society and language, and explore/solve the problem related to society that affects the language, varieties of language in society, terms of taboos and euphemism, etc. • It tries to explain about the first language education, acquisation • additional language education such as second language education and foreign language education. • It also help us to know about clinical linguistic and language testing. Clinical linguistic is the study about language disability. • Examines the scope of Language, Work and Law, discusses about communication in the workplace, language planning, and forensic linguistic.
There is a wealth of publications on the issues of making presentations and how to prepare one’s talk and deliver it. The instructions are quite clear and straight forward and include tips on, firstly, how to prepare oneself, secondly, the material, thirdly, the presentation. Nevertheless, students need some systematic training in preparing and performing – from planning and introducing a topic to concluding and handling questions. Learning to make well-organized presentations in front of an audience takes a lot of hard work and
(Rama and Agullo, 2012) on one hand documents that the shallow-end Communicative Language Teaching is based on the idea that in order for a learner to become an efficient communicator they need to first learn the grammatical rules. In this sense, they believe that there should be room for both communicative and grammar teaching in a classroom and thus complement what the CAPS document. However on the other hand Rama and Agullo contend that the deep-end approach to Communicative Teaching Language is based on the belief that gramma is acquired unconsciously during the performance on those communicative situations, so it would be useless to teach grammar previously and explicitly. In this sense communicative approach is in direct contradiction with the CAPS document. The CAPS (2011:15) envisages that both the communicative approach and grammar teaching are equally important for learners to acquire language proficiency.
This paper deals with experimenting the use of Literature in English Language teaching in Engineering colleges. Literature sets out the potential of language and serves as a means of enhancing one’s competence through confidence. It can also help one hone one’s language skills by extending linguistic knowledge through evidence of extensive and subtle vocabulary usage and a complex and exact syntax. It is rightly said that Literature is a “valuable transitional material”. While language focuses on phonemes, morphemes, words, clauses, structures etc., literature lays emphasis on context and on how language is used for communication.