Importance Of The Constitution Of India

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“Constitution is the most vital document of a country, a document which not only lays the basic structure of the government according to which the people are to be governed but also embodies the aspirations of the people in the country.” The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.[1] It lays down the framework defining fundamental political principles, establishes the structure, procedures, powers and duties of government institutions and sets out fundamental rights, directive principles and the duties of citizens. It is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world.[Note 1][2] The nation is governed by it. B. R. Ambedkar is regarded as its chief architect. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950. Since, this is a document which describes the fundamental principles of the government and keeps evolving with the growth of the nation, it is known as organic constitution as well. Liberalization (or liberalisation) is a relaxation of government restrictions, usually in such areas of social, political and economic policy. Liberalisation refers to the slackening of government regulations. The economic liberalisation in India denotes the continuing financial reforms which began since July 24, 1991. Post liberalization is the period after 1990. Dr. Manmohan Singh, the then Union Finance Minister had a new vision and doctrine based on the logic of economic development. He announced the

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